Subject: Timor-Leste International and Local Media Monitoring for October 06, 2004

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Timor-Leste International and Local Media Monitoring for October 06, 2004

America donates US$ 1,2 million for PNTL
Timor Post

A Memorandum of Understanding of US$ 1,2 million was signed in the Ministry of Internal Affairs by the US representative in Timor-Leste (Mr. Grover Joseph Ree), the Vice-Minster of Internal Affairs, Mr. Alcino Araujo Barris and the UNDP representative, Mr. Sukehiro Hasegawa and it was also assisted by the PNTL Director, Mr. Paulo Martins. The aim is to strengthen the capacity of PNTL in the future, especially the Rapid Intervention Union (UIR), Reserved Police Union (URP), Patrolling Frontier Union (UPF) and Maritime Police Union (UPM).

The US representative, Mr. Grover Joseph Ree said that this was very important progress for the government of Timor-Leste. Now the PNTL must work to build its capacity and become professional to serve the Timorese community.

Mr. Sukehiro Hasegawa also said that in order to serve the community, police have to be professional and well trained as well as consistent in delivering their services.

Justino Aparício Guterres: Tertiary Education Institutions that do not fulfill criteria will not be accredited
Timor Post

This was announced by the Director General of Tertiary Education, MECYS, Justino AG during the Dili Institute of Technology's (DIT) orientation period for novices on Monday, 4/10/04: "When the Education Law enters into effect, all tertiary education institutions, including the TL National University, that do not fulfill the criteria will not be accredited. In this regard, I urge all tertiary education institutions to improve their resources and increase the education quality in order to qualify for accreditation."

An Education Law is really needed in TL in order to regulate the accreditation issue. A team of international experts on education is currently assisting the government in the draft of the higher education law. Justino also stated that the accreditation process of tertiary education can be started now, even if the education law is not yet approved.

The MECYS will instruct 19 tertiary education institutions in TL to provide their curriculum system and other requirements to fulfill for the accreditation such as the departments/courses available, quantity and quality of teaching staff, quantity of students, facilities like laboratories, library etc. These institutions will or will not be accredited based on the fulfillment of these requirements.

There are around 25% of Timorese youth who don?t get access to higher formal education. The government is striving to resolve this situation, and it?s policy now is to give greater priority to professional and technology education.

Lucas da Costa: TL will lose its sovereignty over Timor Sea
Timor Post (Opinion)

TL's position on Timor Sea is not so strong, as the 30 years agreement signed by governments of Australia and TL two years ago, and will lead to the loose of TL's sovereignty over this area. Whenever this area, which is still in conflict between several nations, is continuously explored during this 30 years, then it will remain a no-man's-land. Any country may explore its resources. In case, during this 30 years, nothing is done to confirm its sovereignty over this area, then TL will lose it. Based on this, we can't say our position over the Timor Sea Agreement is strong.

The new Australian PM that will replace John Howard in the future will not say that the Timor Sea Agreement will end, as this agreement has been ratified by parliaments of both countries. The agreement will persist when there's no revision requested by both countries.

Whenever the new Australian PM agrees to renew the agreement, then it will bring advantages or disadvantages to TL, depends on who from TL negotiates with Australia. The first negotiation was performed by only one person that was Mari Alkatiri. Even Ramos Horta did not participate in the negotiation.

During the CNRT ruling, it has been agreed that a negotiation team will be established to negotiate with any country concerned. Everything changed. The negotiation was performed by only one person, and thus no one can say that our position on this issue is strong.

Another option is to make a new negotiation with Australia in order to explore onshore mineral resources. This will bring advantages to TL, such as creation of employment. Under Portuguese rule two companies, Timor Oil Co. and Prope Hill Corporation, had started onshore mineral exploration in Suai, Same, Aliambata, and Watulari. These two companies have expressed their willingness to return and explore the mineral resources in their former sites. As the government has a different policy in this regard this could not take place in the near future.

Electricity in the sub-district of Iliomar stops
Timor Post

The generator in the district of Los Palos has been stopped for two weeks as it has not had a sufficient fuel supply, said the district administrator, Mr. Abilio Quintao.

This problems is being escalated to the National Electricity Department and there will be fuel delivered temporarily for the duration of one month to the district of Los Palos, Mr. Quintao noted.

He also proposed that the National EDTL provide maintenance equipment in the future.

Reforestation in Tasi Tolú park
Suara Timor Lorosa'e

The government of Japan through the UNDP-Respect program will implement a Reforestation in the Park of Peace Taci Tolu which will be carried out by an NGO named International Development Center of Japan (IDCJ-TL). The total fund for the implementation is US$150.000, noted Mr. Abel Lacanlale, District Program Manager of the UNDP Respect Program.

Mr. Lacanlale added that this park is considered historical and important towards the independence of the nation, following the visit of the Catholic leader Pope II and the celebration of the first Timor-Leste independence day.

There will be 40 hectares of land reforested in January which is technically supported by the local community of Taci Tolu and a local NGO named SANTALUM, and it will be monitored by the UNDP team.

This project will also involve the ex-combatants, veterans, youth disabilities and the most priority will be given to Taci Tolu residents.

In the same article, Mr. Naori Miyazawa, IDCJ Country Project Manager/Environmental Specialist noted that this fund is also contributed to by the Japanese International communities, such as America to support the development of Timorese communities, especially in agriculture sector.

Xanana: "Dismiss CPD-RDTL"
Suara Timor Lorosa'e (STL)

The President of Timor-Leste, Mr. Xanana Gusmao asserted that he will use his competency to dismiss CPD-RDTL groups because they do not obey the constitution which is applying and also opposed the transition of UNTAET and UNMISET as well as the definitive government of Timor-Leste. He said this in relation to the statement made the political manifests of CPD ? RDTL that currently Timor- Leste is still under the governance of International communities, which means that it has not achieved the full independence.

In the same article, the president also advised the members of CPD-RDTL to participate in the government national program, such as the census and to take part in the election of 'chefe suco' or 'head of the village'.

David de Araujo
World Bank, Dili Office

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