Subject: UNMIT Daily Media Review - 5 July 2007

Thursday, 05 July 2007


National Media Reports

Mari and Xanana should embrace one another

The president of Democratic Alliance (AD) from KOTA and PPT, Mr. Manuel Tilman reportedly declared that Mari Alkatiri and former President of Republic Xanana Gusmão should be embracing and tolerating each other to enable them to form National Unity government.

He added that, based on the preliminary results, it will probably be very difficult for a one party to run the government, so it needs the nation to adopt a mature approach. (DN)

Horta explains how the new government will be formed

The President of the Republic, Jose Ramos Horta met Bishop of Diocese Dili, Mgr. Alberto Ricardo da Silva on Wednesday (4/7) in Lecidere, Dili.

After the meeting, Mr. Horta told journalists that the objective of the meeting was to inform the Bishop about the counting developments across the country, and also about how to form the new government and parliament.

"I also informed the Bishop about my consultations with all political parties to get their ideas of how best to transition to the new government and national parliament," said Mr. Horta. (DN)

Mario: "ASDT/PSD is not seeking a coalition with CNRT"

The president of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Mario Viegas Carrascalão, reportedly stated that the coalition of ASDT/PSD does not see any possibility to make a coalition with CNRT, since they do not known the ideology of CNRT.

He also revealed that the door has closed on the possibility of making a coalition with Fretilin. (DN)

Deonisio: "impossible that CNRT could make people slaves"

In response to the statement from Feliciano Alves who said that CNRT will turn people into slaves if it wins the election, the Secretary General of the National Congress for the Reconstruction of Timor-Leste (CNRT), Deonisio Babo, revealed that such a statement is false and has no basis.

He said if CNRT were not led by Mr. Xanana, it could be true. However, since CNRT is led by Xanana Gusmão, it could not possibly turn people into slaves should they win the parliamentary election. (DN)

Democratic Alliance (AD) supports Fretilin

The president of Democratic Alliance (AD) composed of KOTA and PPT, Mr. Manuel Tilman, declared on Wednesday (4/7) in national parliament that AD totally supports for the victory of ruling party Fretilin and will make a coalition with them to form the new government.

He revealed that AD has signed an accord with the historic party to prepare for a coalition. (DN)

The timing of the new Govt is determined by President of Republic

At a press conference held by CNE on Wednesday (4/7) in Election Media Center Caicoli, Dili, the CNE spokesperson, Maria Angelina Sarmento stated the timing for the formation of a new government and national parliament is decided by the President of Republic.

She mentioned that it is not CNE's responsibility if parties fail to form coalitions and the new government, it is the responsibility of sovereignty organs to solve the issue. (DN)

Major security for the vote-counting

PNTL and UNPol are providing major security to the vote counting process taking place in GMT, Dili. The supervisors, brigadas and journalists are checked twice by police before entering into GMT, and they are not allowed to smoke or bring in any items that could be a risk to the ballots. Their phones must also be switched off. (DN)

PDHJ calls on the president of the republic to take measures concerning clemency law

According the letter to the press from Human Rights and Justice Provedor (PDHJ) received by DN on Wednesday (4/7), PDHJ called on the president of republic Jose Ramos Horta to veto the clemency law.

"Based on constitutional article 151 and PDHJ's statute articles 25 and 28, PDHJ has the right to call on the president of the republic to veto such a law. It is not the appropriate time to create the clemency law," said acting coordinator of PDHJ Amandio de Sá Benevides. (DN)

Lu-Olo: Fretilin will form government or opposition

The ruling party Fretilin has not taken any decision as to whether it will form a government, even thought it leads the preliminary result of parliamentary election.

The president of the ruling party Fretilin, Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo, stated that if Fretilin gets a majority number of votes with the final results, it wants to form a solid, inclusive government to implement its programme.

"We want a solid, inclusive government. Fretilin will become the opposition or form a coalition with another party if t doesn't get the majority it needs," said Mr. Lu-Olo on Wednesday (4/7) in national parliament. (STL)

Politically PD will have coalition with Fretilin

There are two options for Democratic Party (PD) after the results of the parliamentary election: it can either become the strongest opposition in national parliament, or form a coalition with another party to form the government. And there is still a chance for coalitions with Fretilin or CNRT.

"Politically PD can have a coalition with ruling party Fretilin," said Rui Menezes on Wednesday (4/7) in the PD office Colmera, Dili. (STL)

Coalition-post election: Xanana and CNRT has the right conditions to form the government

According the the preliminary results of the parliamentary election held on 30 June 2007 two parties, Fretilin and CNRT are leading, nevertheless, neither party has the majority required to form a government.

The National Congress Reconstruction of Timor-Leste (CNRT) led by former president of republic, Xanana Gusmão, is best positioned to form a government in coalition with opposition parties such as PSD, ASDT, PD and UNDERTIM. (STL)

Political party rejects the model of national unity government

The president of Democratic Party (PD), Fernando de Araujo Lasama, reportedly declared that PD rejects to the creation of a National Unity government.

According to Mr. Lasama, a national unity cabinet should be formed, not national unity government.

He revealed that a national unity cabinet could solve the problems faced by the nation right now. (TP)

UNMIT prediction: displaced people may suffer until 2008

At an UNMIT press conference held on Tuesday (3/7) in Dili, DSRSG Finn Reske-Nielsen stated that UNMIT and the East Timor government predict that IDPs will continue to face difficult conditions until 2008.

He said that it is very difficult for IDPs to return home, because many of them have lost their homes. (TP)

SOMET congratulates STAE and CNE

The International Solidarity Observer Mission for East Timor (SOMET) reportedly congratulated CNE, STAE and all Timorese people for the last Saturday's parliamentary election in Timor-Leste which was largely free, fair and peaceful.

"Despite some minor problems, our observers report that East Timorese voters went to the polls in large numbers to peacefully exercise their right to vote,- said Jill Sternberg, the Dili based co-coordinator of SOMET. (TP)

International Media Reports

Lack of funds forces UN refugee agency to halt Timor-Leste operation UN News Center 3 July 2007

The UN refugee agency has ended its emergency operation in Timor-Leste owing to a lack of funds, bringing to a close nearly 14 months of vital assistance to some 150,000 people displaced following the outbreak of factional violence last year.

The last international staff of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have now left the young nation, which the UN helped shepherd to independence in 2002, leaving behind only a small core of national staff to help rebuild the skills of civil servants and to look after a handful of refugees from Asia and West Africa, the agency said in a press release issued today. "We accomplished a lot," said Robert Ashe, UNHCR's Jakarta-based regional representative. In the first three months following the April-May 2006 violence, the agency helped thousands of people in makeshift camps that had been set up in and around Dili.

UNHCR, along with Australian peacekeepers, worked to ensure that the airport in the capital, Dili, resumed functioning in the early days after the looting and fighting, which left at least 25 people dead and 150,000 displaced.

After Dili Airport was taken over by internally displaced people seeking shelter, UNHCR set up a nearby tent city which allowed the facility to return to its intended function.

Last September, UNHCR provided more than 1,500 lightweight family tents, plastic sheeting and other relief items to the Government, which estimated that some 1,500 houses were destroyed or badly damaged in Dili alone.

The agency says the situation remains grim for many of those still displaced, which the Government says could be as many as 100,000 people, with at least 25,000 of those in the capital.

Mr. Ashe added that last Saturday's peaceful parliamentary election, for which the votes are still being counted, offered hope for a brighter future if the new Government could focus on the issues of internally displaced people, poverty and employment.

East Timor ruling party wins election Staff and agencies 04 July, 2007 By ZAKKI HAKIM, Associated Press Writer 27 minutes ago

DILI, East Timor - The ruling Fretilin movement emerged as the top party Wednesday night in vote counting from East Timor‘s weekend parliamentary elections, but it was far short of a legislative majority and will have to try to form an alliance with other blocs.

Saturday‘s election followed a year of violence and political turmoil in East Timor, which broke from Indonesian rule in a U.N.-sponsored referendum in 1999 and has since struggled with widespread poverty, gang violence and other problems.

While it led the election, Fretilin‘s vote share plummeted from the 57 percent it took in the 2001 election. That widely predicted slide was largely due to anger at the slow pace of development since independence, analysts said.

In April and May last year, the country of 1 million people descended into chaos when fighting between police and soldiers led to gang warfare, looting and arson, causing 37 deaths and driving 155,000 people from their homes.

About 3,000 foreign peacekeepers restored relative calm, but East Timor is still plagued by unemployment and about 10 percent of the people still live in refugee camps or with relatives.

East Timor on track for coalition government 04/07/07 08h40 GMT+1 AFP News brief

East Timor appeared to be headed for a coalition government Wednesday with most votes in last week's parliamentary polls counted but no one party set to win a majority needed to govern alone.

The likely lack of an outright winner sets the stage for horse-trading in the days ahead between the 14 parties that contested the elections, which are seen as a crucial step towards healing the nation after a year of turmoil. National election commission (CNE) spokeswoman Maria Sarmento said that counting was complete in eight of East Timor's 13 districts, with 366,087 ballots tallied. Tabulation in remaining districts was expected to finish by Thursday night, she said.

"Once all materials have been received by the CNE, the verification and national tabulation will start," she told a press briefing.

A statement distributed by the CNE showed that the ruling Fretilin party was leading with 102,072 votes, followed by a party set up by former president Xanana Gusmao, the National Congress of East Timor's Reconstruction, with 79,926 votes.

The Association of Timorese Democrats-Social Democrat Party (ASDT-PSD) coalition trailed third with 56,857 votes.

Turnout for the polls was estimated at 81 percent, Sarmento said, similar to that for the second round of presidential polls, which saw Nobel peace laureate Jose Ramos-Horta elected in May.

Earlier officials had estimated that turnout had been slightly lower, though no figures were provided until Wednesday.

Gusmao set up the CNRT in March amid ongoing unrest in the young nation, which was hit by fighting between security force factions and gangs in May 2006 that killed at least 37.

The CNRT is seen as likely entering a coalition with the ASDT-PSD and other smaller parties, though no formal agreements have been struck. Fretilin has said it is confident of winning so will not need to enter a coalition.

Saturday's peaceful polls, the first parliamentary elections since East Timor won independence in 2002, have been hailed as free and fair by foreign observers.

NATIONAL NEWS SOURCES: Timor Post (TP) Radio Timor-Leste (RTL) Suara Timor Lorosae (STL) Diario Tempo (DT) Diario Nacional (DN) Semanario Televisaun Timor-Leste (TVTL)


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