Subject: UNMIT Daily Media Review 06 July 2007

[Poster's note: Repeats of international articles already sent out to the east-timor list ( have been removed.]

Friday, 06 July 2007



National Media Reports

Fretilin-PD negotiating a coalition

The counting of votes for the parliamentary election ended on Thursday (5/7); however there is no party with a majority of votes.

Even if ruling party Fretilin received the most votes, this historical party has not yet managed to form a coalition which could then form a government.

Their result of 29% forces them to negotiate with opposition parties such as the Democratic Party (PD). Fretilin's leaders, namely Arsenio Bano, Aniceto Guterres, Elizario Ferreira and Filomeno Aleixo met PD's leaders, Mariano Sabino, Jose Nominando Buras and Marcelino Magno, on Thursday (5/7) at Hotel Timor to negotiate a possible coalition. (TP)

Child dies in IDP camp

Due to the crisis last year, Tasya da Costa, an 8 month-baby, moved with her Mother and Father to the IDP camp in Becora Church, Dili. She passed away on Wednesday (4/7) at 4:30hrs.

Her Mum, Afina, reportedly said that Tasya got a cough for two days due to the storms and heavy rains of the last few days. (TP)

CNRT's charisma loses out to Fretilin's history

The counting of the votes for the parliamentary election concluded on Thursday (5/7). The result shows that CNRT under Xanana Gusmão could not beat the historic party of Fretilin led by Mr. Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo.

Before the election, national and international analysts said that CNRT will win thanks to Mr. Xanana's charisma.

In response to this analysis, the Secretary General of the ruling party Fretilin reportedly said that it is a major message for all Timorese people and people worldwide: namely that the tiny nation does not belong to one person but to all the people of Timor-Leste.(TP)

Alfredo requests more clarity on the dialogue with the state

Benevides Correia, the lawyer of former military police commander, Alfredo Reinado, on Thursday (4/7) in Dili said that that Alfredo needs to know the details of the proposed dialogue with the state, such as talking points and objectives of the dialogue, and how long it will be conducted.

Mr. Benevides also said Alfredo will be contacted when his proposed clarifications are accepted by the state. (TP)

PDHJ recommends 12 cases to police

The Human Rights and Justice Provedor (PDHJ) will present its reports and recommendations related to allegations of power abuses by the police to the general commander of PNTL and UNPol.

"Tomorrow is the important day for PDHJ to recommend 12 cases to the police," said acting coordinator of PDHJ, Amandio de Sá Benevides on Thursday (4/7) through a press release.

He also explained that the presented recommendations are based on law No. 7/2004 article 3, 5, 27 and 28 about the status of Human Rights and Justice Provedor (PDHJ). He added that the allegations have been made by members of the community from March 2006 ­ March 2007. (TP)

PD wants Xanana and Alkatiri to embrace one another other

The vice president of Democratic Party (PD), Jose Nominando Buras said on Thursday (4/7) in national parliament, that it is time for former President of Republic, Xanana Gusmão, and former east Timor Prime Minister, Mari Alkatiri, to put their differences behind them.

He said that Xanana and Alkatiri are the representatives of both the victorious party CNRT and the historical party Fretilin, so they should take the lead in encouraging all political parties to form a National Unity Government for all Timorese. (STL and DN)

Lu-Olo: Fretilin can form government

The President of ruling party Fretilin, Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo affirmed that Fretilin can form a solid coalition government.

"The way is open for all parties to set a coalition and form the new government, we have not known yet which party we should have a coalition with," said Mr. Lu-Olo on Thursday (5/7) after meeting with President of Republic, Jose Ramos Horta in Palasiu das Cinzas Caicoli in Dili. (STL)

Two chairs left in the parliament

Based on the preliminary result of parliamentary election, there are five parties and two coalitions who get seats in parliament, namely Fretilin (20 seats), CNRT (17 seats), coalition ASDT/PSD (11 seats), PD (8 seats), PUN (3 seats), Democratic Alliance KOTA/PPT (2 seats) and UNDERTIM (2 seats). That covers 63 of the 65 seats, so there still two seats left. Which party will get them? (STL)

The law of clemency is unconditional

After visiting to Timor Telecom Company on Thursday (5/7), the President of Republic, Jose Ramos Horta said that the clemency law sent by the national parliament confuses him, so he has sent a letter to the court of appeal. The court can then give him an idea of its constitutionality.

"I have sent the letter to the court of appeal, and I will wait for the response from the court of appeal. If the court of appeal says that clemency law is unconstitutional, I will not promulgate or veto such law. I will listen to civil society and seek another clemency law which can be adopted.

Mr. Horta also revealed that the clemency law passed by national parliament is not constitutionally sound, since the law only applies to authors of the crisis raised last year, excluding the incidents of 1974, 1975 and 1999.

The vice-President of National Parliament, Jacob Fernandes, disagreed, saying that the clemency law approved by national parliament is not unconstitutional, and that is why it was sent to the President for promulgation.

According to Mr. Jacob, clemency laws are either constitutional or unconstitutional, and that decision rests with the court of appeal. (STL and DN)

International Media Reports

Australia's National Security: A Defence Update 2007 (2007-07-05) By: Department of Defence (Australia)

A major review of Australia's national security has been released today.

Prime Minister John Howard today launched Australia's National Security: A Defence Update 2007 at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute's Global Forces 2007 conference.

Like its predecessors in 2003 and 2005, Defence Update 2007 reflects the Government's commitment to regularly review the balance of concepts, capabilities and forces to meet strategic challenges as they arise.

The Defence Update 2007 sets out Australia's strategic outlook and the measures the Howard Government is taking to ensure Australia's security is maintained.

This Update outlines the progress the Government has made on meeting the challenges thus far, from operations to building partnerships and establishing capability.

For the future, we need both a clear understanding of the changing and complex nature of Australia's security environment, and a versatile, integrated and robust defence force.

The Government is committed to ensuring Defence is well prepared and resourced to meet the challenges of an increasingly complex global security environment.

A real increase of 47 per cent in the Defence budget since the Howard Government came to office has provided the ADF with a greatly enhanced capability to respond across the broad spectrum of operations including humanitarian assistance missions, disaster relief, peacekeeping, reconstruction and war fighting.

The key conclusions of the Update are:

* Trends ranging from terrorism, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferation, fragile states, the growing interconnectedness arising from globalisation, and the changing nature of the use of force, all contribute to a dynamic security environment.

* Whilst Australia faces no direct conventional threat, nor is that likely in the foreseeable future, it recognizes the need to prepare for a range of threats with less warning of imminent crises.

* The Middle East remains at the intersection of many trends - including terrorism, WMD proliferation, and state vulnerability - that affect our national interests, requiring our continuing involvement in that region.

* We must be able to act decisively through limiting the options of, deterring, and if necessary, defeating potential adversaries in our area of paramount defence interest.

* In a more complex, interconnected world, partners are needed whatever the military task. We are able to make significant contributions to coalition operations where our national interests are engaged.

* As a security leader in our immediate region, we are engaged with other regional countries in stabilisation and capacity-building in Operations Anode (Solomon Islands) and Astute (East Timor).

* The nature of our contributions to coalition efforts are tailored to circumstances - while both the Middle East and Asia-Pacific are vital to out interests, Defence involvement in each differs.

* The importance of strategic relationships not only with existing allies such as our alliance with the United States but also in the region with nations such as Japan, Indonesia and India.

Recent Government capability decisions have enhanced the ADF's strategic and operational weight, making it increasingly effective, able to secure our national interests and make contributions valued by friends and allies.

* The Air Warfare Destroyers will help ensure the ADF's air and sea control in our immediate region, while retaining the versatility to contribute to a range of missions.

* The amphibious ships offer considerable reach and a secure and sustainable capability for onshore operations, particularly when local infrastructure is inadequate.

* The Enhanced Land Force and the Hardened and Networked Army initiatives strengthen the Army's ability to operate in more complex, uncertain and dangerous environments.

* The Super Hornet purchase will guarantee Australia's air combat edge during the transition from the existing Hornet and F-111 fleet, while providing a more flexible operational and networked air capability. * The C-17 Globe masters provide the ADF with greater reach and more reliable airlift with an increased capacity.

The ADF will be required to maintain high levels of preparedness, sustainability and responsiveness - and in the future, meet unknown challenges that cannot be predicted in places we cannot anticipate.

We can be confident that this update further prepares Defence for the task of defending Australia's interests now and into the future.

Australia's National Security: A Defence Update 2007

Please note that the information contained on these pages is provided strictly for informational services and has no commercial use

East Timor, FRETILIN Declared Victory Dili, Jul 5 (Prensa Latina)

The Timor Leste Election Commission proclaimed the Independent East Timor Revolutionary Front (FRETILIN) winner of the June 30 legislative elections.

With 414,477 votes counted (81 percent), FRETILIN owns over 117,000 (29.2 percent) and the National Council for the Reconstruction of East Timor of former President Xanana Gusmao is second with 94,520 votes (23.5 percent).

As third and fourth runners-up : ASDT-PSD alliance has 63,297 votes (15.8 percent) and Democratic Party has 45,917 votes (11.4 percent).

Former Prime Minister and FRETILIN leader Mari Alkatiri said the results confirm the majority trust in his party that hopes to set up a solid, strong and stable government to serve the people.

Due to the turn out in this race of 11 parties and two coalitions for 65 seats, President Jose Ramos Horta called to establish a coalition government to terminate divisions and confrontation. Hr ccs emw dor PL-29

East Timor's Fractured Election Thursday, Jul. 05, 2007 By HANNAH BEECH

Democracy can be a messy business. The tiny Southeast Asian nation of East Timor, just five years old, learned that lesson this week after parliamentary elections on Saturday resulted in no one party capturing a majority. Preliminary official results released on July 5th gave former ruling party Fretilin 29% of the vote, while the National Congress for the Reconstruction of East Timor (CNRT), the party newly formed by popular ex-President and independence fighter Xanana Gusmão, trailed with 24%. The split vote means that East Timor ­ already fractured along geographical and socioeconomic lines ­ will most likely be ruled byy a coalition government composed of squabbling members. "We will try to find agreement," says Fernando de Araujo, whose Democratic party may be a member of the piecemeal government.

"But we have some big differences, and there is little trust [between parties].

Until it finds oil or natural gas, the world's newest country will have to rely on Starbucks for name recognition East Timor's Founding Generation Stays in Power A presidential election sees a reshuffle of positions among those who fought for independence from Indonesia.

The nation of East Timor was born in bloodshed. Hundreds of civilians died in 1999 as departing soldiers from Indonesia, which ruled the half-island for 24 years, torched the country. The United Nations quickly moved in, restored peace and set about providing this traumatized country with the basics of nationhood, from a constitution to government ministries. By 2004, the UN administration was confident enough about East Timor's start-up democracy that it began pulling out troops.

But since then, this nation of 1 million has largely stagnated. Gang violence paralyzes the streets of capital Dili. Incomes haven't increased, while malnutrition is up. And citizens are still reeling from another paroxysm of violence that erupted last year after an army revolt went sour, resulting in dozens of deaths. Tens of thousands of people still live in refugee camps, too afraid to return home. U.N. peacekeepers again patrol the streets.

Many East Timorese blame Fretilin for their nation's woes. Back in 2001 when the first parliamentary elections were held, the party led by a posse of exiled resistance fighters captured 57% of the vote.

Support for Fretilin this time around was roughly half that amount, and the party is increasingly viewed as out of touch with East Timor's poverty-stricken masses. "In five years, Fretilin was not able to do anything to make this country better," says Lucia Lobato, a politician with the opposition Social Democratic Party. "People have lost patience."

Yet no other political force has been able to fully capitalize on Fretilin's waning popularity, not even Gusmão's CNRT. Although the party was founded by East Timor's most beloved leader, CNRT was formed so hastily earlier this year that it was not able to build the electoral infrastructure needed to convert respect for Gusmão into actual votes. Still, Gusmão could very well end up as the country's Prime Minister after coalition talks take place over the coming weeks.

His chances may be boosted by the fact that Nobel Peace Prize laureate José Ramos-Horta, a Gusmão ally, fended off the Fretilin candidate to assume the post of President in May.

By contrast, the head of Fretilin, Mari Alkatiri, is nowhere near as popular as Gusmão. Indeed, Alkatiri had to resign as Prime Minister last year after his tenure was stained by his handling of the army rebellion. His resumption of the top post could trigger bloodletting on the streets. Yet on Wednesday Alkatiri struck a defiant tone, swearing that he will not allow his party to cooperate with CNRT.

Realistically, though, Fretilin will have to reach out to the No. 2 party if it wishes to be part of a governing bloc. No one said that democracy would be easy.

NATIONAL NEWS SOURCES: Timor Post (TP) Radio Timor-Leste (RTL) Suara Timor Lorosae (STL) Diario Tempo (DT) Diario Nacional (DN) Semanario Televisaun Timor-Leste (TVTL)


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