|Subject: Xanana, JRH on Suharto
Xanana recalls the evil that Suharto has made the Timorese people
East Timor President Asks Nation to Forgive Suharto
By Tito Belo
DILI, Jan. 17 (Reuters) - East Timor's president urged Timorese to pray for Suharto, the former Indonesian president who ordered the brutal invasion of East Timor in 1975 and who now lies critically ill in hospital.
Suharto, now 86, who ruled Indonesia for more than three decades, has been fighting for his life for nearly two weeks, and is now on a ventilator following multiple organ failure.
Doctors treating Suharto in a Jakarta hospital appeared less optimistic on Thursday than a day earlier and said he was still on a ventilator, with signs of systemic infection persisting.
With Suharto now so sick, his legacy is being widely discussed. His rule was marked by rapid economic growth and political stability, but was also marred by massacres, human rights abuses, and endemic corruption.
"It is impossible for us to forget the past, but East Timor should forgive him before he dies and I ask people to pray for Suharto as former president of Indonesia," said East Timor President Jose Ramos-Horta, some of whose family were killed during the occupation.
East Timor suffered heavily under Indonesia's rule, and only won independence after Suharto was forced to step down in 1998.
Indonesia invaded East Timor in 1975 at the end of Portuguese rule and annexed the territory later that year, maintaining a heavy and sometimes harsh military presence.
More than 200,000 people -- a quarter of the population -- are estimated to have died in fighting, famine and disease that followed the invasion and during Jakarta's occupation.
Ramos-Horta said he would not visit Suharto in hospital, but added he would ask Pope Benedict to pray for the former leader when he visited the Vatican on Friday.
Predominantly Roman Catholic East Timor voted to break away from 23 years of Indonesian rule in a violence-marred vote in 1999 and became fully independent in 2002.
"Suharto made many things positive for Indonesia, such as improving the economy and development, but he also made many mistakes such as massacres in Indonesia and East Timor," Ramos-Horta said.
The East Timor president reiterated his view that the tiny nation's best interests, and its relations with Indonesia, would not be helped by setting up an international court to try those accused of atrocities.
East Timor and Indonesia set up a truth commission to probe the bloody events surrounding the 1999 independence vote.
The body, modelled on South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, has no power to prosecute, prompting criticism from rights groups that it serves to whitewash the atrocities.
Separately, a rights activist for a group representing victims' families called for greater justice.
"There should be no impunity for Suharto and his friends. Suharto and other Indonesian generals should be held responsible for murders in East Timor," Edio Saldanha, told Reuters.
But with the former general in critical condition in hospital, it looks increasingly unlikely he will ever face trial for human rights abuses or graft.
The head of the medical team, who on Sunday gave Suharto a 50:50 chance of surviving, said there was still an equal chance of a recovery or deterioration in the former general's condition.
"But we are optimistic. Pak Harto still has a strong will to live," Mardjo Soebiandono told a news conference, referring to Suharto by his popular name.
Djusuf Misbach, a neurologist treating Suharto, said the former president was still showing responses, but because he was sedated it was difficult to assess that.
(Additional reporting by Telly Nathalia; Writing by Ed Davies; Editing by Bill Tarrant)
[machine translation, Portuguese original follows - JMM/ETAN]
blogspot - Xanana recalls the evil that Suharto has made the Timorese people
General Suharto, who is on the verge of dying, will be remembered by the Prime Minister of East Timor, Xanana Gusmao, as a man who caused much evil to the Timorese. Still, the man who led the resistance against the occupying Indonesian, it is noted some positive aspects of Suharto.
For Xanana Gusmao, General Suharto "was a man who had his good side and bad. Took their weak sides, especially for not respecting human rights, dictatorship rule and promoting corruption, but was also the promoter of the development of a great country, which - this is the fifth most populous country in the world - was not easy. "
Suharto, Xanana continues, "is also the story that made for evil to the people of Timor and the Indonesians, but their attitude may not only be contextualized in the season in which governed. He had some brilliance, but also large desaires, such as human rights and democracy. "
The Prime Minister asked Timorese to remember that received congratulations from former President of Indonesia when he won the presidential elections in 2002.
blogspot - Xanana recorda o mal que Suharto fez ao povo timorense
O general Suharto, que se encontra na iminência de morrer, vai ser recordado pelo primeiro-ministro de Timor-Leste, Xanana Gusmão, como um homem que causou muitos males aos timorenses. Ainda assim, o homem que conduziu a resistência contra o ocupante indonésio não deixa de salientar alguns aspectos positivos de Suharto.
Para Xanana Gusmão, o general Suharto "foi um homem que teve o seu lado bom e mau. Teve os seus lados fracos, sobretudo por não respeitar os direitos humanos, governar em ditadura e promover a corrupção, mas foi também o promotor do desenvolvimento de um grande país, o que - tratando-se do quinto país mais populoso do mundo - não foi fácil".
Suharto, prossegue Xanana, “ficará também na história pelo mal que fez ao povo de Timor e ao Indonésio, mas a sua atitude não poderá deixar de ser contextualizada na época em que governou. Teve algum brilho, mas também grandes desaires, como os direitos humanos e a democracia."
O Primeiro-Ministro timorense aproveitou para recordar que recebeu felicitações do ex-Presidente da Indonésia quando venceu as eleições presidenciais, em 2002
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