Subject: In Papua Prisons, Abuse Routine for Political Inmates
The Jakarta Globe May 22, 2010
In Papua Prisons, Abuse Routine for Political Inmates
by Radot Gurning & M Irham
Indonesia is often hailed as the country with the greatest freedom of speech in Asia. But while antigovernment protests are a weekly and colorful norm in Jakarta, it's a different story in the country's far eastern tip of Papua.
Free access for foreign journalists is restricted, antigovernment protests are silenced by heavy-handed police and political dissenters are being abused behind bars.
Ferdinand Pakage is one such prisoner, serving his sentence in the Abepura penitentiary in Jayapura. He is blind in his right eye, which he said happened after one of the guards hit him there.
"Two years ago I was hit with a set of keys and I went blind in one eye. Now I get terrible headaches that I have never experienced before and I can only see out of my left eye," he said.
Pakage is serving 15 years in jail for a murder he says he never committed. He was arrested during antigovernment protests in Abepura. Pakage is now losing his memory and staggers when he walks or stands up.
Despite demands for a full investigation from US-based watchdog Human Rights Watch, the guard, Herbert Toam, accused of carrying out the beating, still works at the prison. And while the prison doctor has recommended Pakage be treated in Jakarta, he has not been allowed to travel.
Cosmos Yual also needs medical attention. He lay shivering on a mat on the floor of his cell in the Doyo prison with just a thin piece of material covering his body.
"I'm in the second stage of tropical malaria. The doctor has just been to see me for the first time since I feel ill," he said.
Yual said he had been shivering for the last four days. His face was pale, his eyes yellow and he still had a high fever. There was a foul smell his room, apparently emanating from the toilet just one step away from where he lay. He shares his 5-by-7-meter room with six other inmates.
"When I fell sick they didn't take me to the hospital straight away. They shouldn't have left me but they did. They don't care about us," he said.
While Yual described his treatment, the prison warden and two guards stood watch.
From his occasional glances at the warden it was clear Yual was choosing his words carefully.
"We don't want violence here. We just want fair treatment. If they [prison guards] have personal problems, they shouldn't take it out on us," he said.
Yual was arrested while protesting against the US-owned Freeport mine in Papua, which has been a frequent source of unrest in the province. He was charged with assault and provocation and is now serving six years in prison.
Political dissent is not taken lightly in Papua; those who dare to raise the Morning Star independence flag face up to 20 years in prison.
That's what happened to Filep Karma. He is serving 15 years at Abepura and has been put on par with Burmese human rights activist Aung San Suu Kyi by Amnesty International because he has consistently employed non-violence to promote his cause.
He has been suffering from a bladder infection, but the only help he received was being told by prison officers to lift his legs to ease the pain. He has been waiting for almost a year to be treated in Jakarta, but recommendations for the treatment from the prison's doctor have so far gone ignored.
The head warden of the Abepura prison, Antonius Ayorbaba, said he didn't have the funds to send political prisoners to Jakarta for health care.
When these allegations of abuse and neglect reached government officials in Jakarta, however, the reaction was one of shock and denial.
Ridha Saleh, a member of the National Commission on Human Rights, (Komnas HAM), said he was furious.
"I will immediately request information from the head of the Abepura and Doyo prisons and demand they give us full access," he said.
Justice and Human Rights Minister Patrialis Akbar also said he was shocked by the claims.
"We have not received any reports about any of this," he said. "In which part of Papua did this happen? Thank you for the information; I will check and recheck it."
But the Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras) indicated the neglect and abuse of political prisoners was no accident.
Syamsul Alam investigates violence in Papuan prisons for the group.
"Why hasn't the government taken any effective steps to fulfil the health rights of prisoners? If they don't give them the permission to have health treatments and leave them to suffer, then I strongly suspect it is intentional," he said.
Following a KBR68H radio interview with Patrialis, Antonius was transferred to another prison in what the government said was a routine move.
Meanwhile, the ban against protesting remains in place in Papua.
This article was first broadcast on "Asia Calling," a regional current affairs program produced by Indonesia's independent radio news agency KBR68H
The Jakarta Globe
May 21, 2010
Releasing Papua Political Prisoners 'Not the Answer'
by Nivell Rayda
Freeing political prisoners would not address the key problems in Papua, Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch said on Thursday.
He was commenting on remarks by Justice Minister Patrialis Akbar that several Papuan political detainees would be pardoned by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
Andreas said what was needed were gestures such as last weekend's granting of Indonesian citizenship to former Free Papua Movement (OPM) leader Nicholas Jouwe, who had been living in exile in the Netherlands since 1960.
Patrialis this week inspected the Abepura Penitentiary in Jayapura and interviewed the inmates. He said he was shocked to learn that some political detainees were jailed because they had joined in a peaceful rally against the government. "We must make a distinction between detainees who were just expressing their freedom of speech and members of the armed separatist movement," Patrialis said on Thursday.
The inmates eligible for a pardon were those who had joined a rally against the local government's use of Rp 33 trillion ($3.6 billion) that had come from the central government under the regional autonomy policy. "We are writing a report along with the pardon recommendation. I hope the report can be forwarded to the president soon," Patrialis said.
The minister, however, said those who had participated in armed conflict and those charged with raising the banned Morning Star flag, a symbol of the OPM, would not be among the inmates up for pardon.
Usman Hamid, chairman of the National Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras), said even though Indonesia had ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 2006, political activists were still charged with Articles 106 and 110 on treason in the Criminal Code.
"These are the same articles used to silence critics of the Dutch colonial rule and to imprison political activists during the Suharto regime," Usman told the Jakarta Globe, in reference to former President Suharto.
The existing Criminal Code was adopted by the Indonesian government in 1946 and was based on Dutch colonial law established in 1918. "The government should be consistent in implementing the ICCPR agreement and stop the persecution of those involved in peaceful protests," he said.
The covenant guarantees people's right to freely determine their political ideology, as well as the freedom of movement and speech.
Andreas, of Human Rights Watch said more action was needed to solve the problem. "In East Timor, it was a UN-sponsored referendum. In Aceh, it was the Helsinki agreement with assistance from the EU. Let's learn from them for Papua," he said.
Patrialis inspected Abepura Penitentiary in the wake of a riot that was initiated by prison guards protesting the transfer of former warden Anthonius Ayorbaba. Two escapees have been caught, while the other 16 are believed to have fled to Papua New Guinea.