etmnlong.gif (2291 bytes) spacer HR 2895 IH
106th CONGRESS 1st Session

H. R. 2895 To impose an immediate suspension of assistance to the Government of Indonesia until the results of the August 30, 1999, vote in East Timor have been implemented, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 21, 1999 Mr. KENNEDY of Rhode Island (for himself, Mrs. LOWEY, Mr. BROWN of Ohio, Mr. DELAHUNT, Mr. FARR of California, Ms. ESHOO, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr. FALEOMAVAEGA, Ms. PELOSI, and Mr. SMITH of New Jersey) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations, and in addition to the Committee on Banking and Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL To impose an immediate suspension of assistance to the Government of Indonesia until the results of the August 30, 1999, vote in East Timor have been implemented, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `East Timor Self-Determination Act of 1999'.

SEC. 2. FINDING; PURPOSE.

(a) CONGRESSIONAL FINDING- Congress recognizes that the Government of Indonesia took a positive and constructive step by agreeing on September 12, 1999, to the deployment of an international peacekeeping force to East Timor.

(b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this Act is to encourage the Government of Indonesia to take such additional steps as are necessary to create a peaceful environment in which the United Nations Assistance Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) can fulfill its mandate and implement the results of the August 30, 1999, vote on East Timor's political status.

SEC. 3. SUSPENSION OF ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE.

(a) Multilateral Economic Assistance-

(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subsection (c), the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive directors to the international financial institutions to oppose, and vote against, any extension by those institutions of any financial assistance (including any technical assistance or grant) of any kind to the Government of Indonesia.

(2) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that the international financial institutions should withhold the balance of any undisbursed approved loans or other assistance to the Government of Indonesia.

(3) INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS DEFINED- In this subsection, the term `international financial institution' includes the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Multilateral Investment Guaranty Agency, and the Asian Development Bank.

(b) RESTRICTION ON BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE- Except as provided in subsection (c), none of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available to carry out chapter 1 of part I (relating to development assistance) or chapter 4 of part II (relating to economic support fund assistance) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be available for Indonesia, except subject to the procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 634A of that Act.

(c) EXCEPTION- Subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply to the provision of humanitarian assistance (such as food or medical assistance) to Indonesia or East Timor.

(d) CONDITIONS FOR TERMINATION- The measures described in subsections (a) and (b) shall apply until the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the Government of Indonesia is cooperating with efforts by the international community to establish a safe and secure environment in East Timor and is taking significant steps to--

(1) end the violence perpetrated by units of the Indonesian armed forces and by armed militias opposed to the independence of East Timor;

(2) enable displaced persons and refugees to return home;

(3) ensure freedom of movement within East Timor, including access by humanitarian organizations to all areas of East Timor; and

(4) enable UNAMET to resume its mandate, without threat or intimidation to its personnel.

SEC. 4. SUSPENSION OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE.

(a) PROHIBITIONS ON COOPERATION AND SUPPORT-

(1) ASSISTANCE- None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under the following provisions of law (including unexpended balances of prior year appropriations) may be available for Indonesia:

(A) The Foreign Military Financing Program under section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act.

(B) Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to military assistance).

(C) Chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to international military education and training assistance).

(2) LICENSING- None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under the following provisions of law (including unexpended balances of prior year appropriations) may be available for licensing exports of defense articles or defense services to Indonesia under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act.

(3) DELIVERIES- No defense article or defense service may be exported or delivered to Indonesia or East Timor by any United States person (as defined in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. app. 2415) or any other person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States except as may be necessary to support the operations of an international peacekeeping force in East Timor or in connection with the provision of humanitarian assistance.

(b) CONDITIONS FOR TERMINATION- The measures described in subsection (a) shall apply with respect to the Government of Indonesia until the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that--

(1) a generally safe and secure environment exists in East Timor, including--

(A) an end to the violence perpetrated by units of the Indonesian armed forces and by armed militias opposed to the independence of East Timor;

(B) the ability of displaced persons and refugees to return home;

(C) freedom of movement within East Timor, including access by humanitarian organizations to all areas of East Timor; and

(D) the ability of UNAMET to resume its mandate, without threat or intimidation to its personnel;

(2) the armed forces of Indonesia clearly--

(A) have ceased engaging in violence in East Timor;

(B) have ceased their support and training of armed militias opposed to the independence of East Timor; and

(C) are withdrawing their forces from East Timor in cooperation with a United Nations-supervised process of transferring sovereignty from Indonesia to an independent East Timor; and

(3) significant steps have been taken to implement the results of the August 30, 1999, vote on East Timor's political status, which expressed the will of a majority of the Timorese people.

SEC. 5. MULTILATERAL EFFORTS.

The President should continue to coordinate with other countries, particularly member states of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forum, to develop a comprehensive, multilateral strategy to further the purposes of this Act, including urging other countries to take measures similar to those described in this Act.

SEC. 6. APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.

In this Act, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on International Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.


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