B110 The Politics of Timor-Leste: Democratic Consolidation after
Intervention Edited by Michael Leach, Damien Kingsbury
The Politics of Timor-Leste explores the
critical issues facing the nation as it seeks to consolidate a democracy
following years of international intervention. The authors study the challenges
that have burdened the state since it broke from Indonesia amid the violence of
1999 and formally achieved full independence in 2002. They assess the notable
accomplishments of Timor-Leste’s leaders and citizens, and consider the
country’s future prospects as international organizations prepare to depart. A
close study of Timor-Leste sheds light on ambitious state-building projects that
have been initiated, with varying success, across the globe.
Cornell University Press, 2013, 277 pp.$24
Beloved Land: Stories, Struggles and Secrets from Timor-Leste
by Gordon Peake
Blending narrative history, travelogue, and personal
reminiscences based on four years of living in the country, Gordon Peake
shows the daunting hurdles that the people of Timor-Leste must overcome
to build a nation from scratch, and how much the international community
has to learn if it is to help rather than hinder the process. Family politics,
squabbles, power struggles, old romances, and even older grudges are woven
into life in this land of intrigue and rumours in the most remarkable ways.
Above all, Beloved Land is a story about the one million East Timorese
who speak nearly 20 different languages, and who are exuberantly building
their nation. Written with verve and deep affection, the book introduces
a set of colourful Timorese and international characters, and brings them
to life unforgettably.
Beloved Land shows that the story of Timor-Leste
as much more than the narrow litany of conflict and violence often presented
in the media. Increasingly, it is becoming a story about the exploitation
of oil and gas, and whether Timorese leaders can steward the revenues they
receive from these resources to benefit a rapidly expanding population.
It is also a story about international aid and its inadequacies. In just
over a decade, over eight billion dollars have been spent in a territory
half the size of Tasmania, but the majority of Timorese remain in deep poverty.
Beloved Land explores the reasons why, and questions whether international
help is providing any real benefits in Asia’s newest country.
"Peake’s book is a poignant and invariably deadpan
mix of anecdote and analysis, and in my view is the best thing written in
English about the country in many a long year." -- Simon Roughneen,
The Edge Review
"Beloved Land is clear-eyed and critical
love letter to Timor-Leste. It's also a survival manual for bewildered Malae
(foreigners) in this complex and resilient nation." -- Sian Prior
Besides being a political diagnosis, it's an
absorbing piece of travel writing, vivid and full of well-turned character
sketches... The mixture of forthrightness and warmth, and knowledge, makes
this book not simply informative but in a quiet way exemplary." -- Owen
Richardson, Brisbane Times
A New State with Century-old Roots in World History/Timor-Leste: un nouvel Etat enraciné depuis des siècles dans l'histoire mondiale/Um novo
Estado com raizes seculares na historia mundial by Frederic Durand
catalog of exhibit, first presented in Dili on the occasion of the 10th
anniversary of Independence with support of Timor Aid and the Embassy of
France in Indonesia and Timor-Leste.
For many, the island of Timor may seem to be
one of the remote places on earth. Yet, surprisingly, Timor was very
early incorporated into worldwide networks. This is the illustrated
story of home Timor-Leste came to be the first state of the third
millennium and a member of the international community through trade,
diplomacy and culture.
The exhibit has also been shown in in Paris,
Brooklyn, NY, and at the European Commission in Brussels. In
English, French and Portuguese.
Frédéric Durand is Associate-Professor in
Geography at University Toulouse II-Le Mirail. Author of more than ten
books on Southeast Asia, the Malay World and Indonesia, His books on
Timor include: A Geo-Historical Atlas of East-Timor in 2002 (translated
into English in 2006), a history of Christianism in East and West Timor
(in 2004), A History of Cartography and Travel to Timor Island (in
2006), and Timor-Leste in Search of Reference Marks. Economic and
political perspectives, and regional integration 1999-2050), in 2008.
This book is the result of a panel on East-Timor organized during the
EUROSEAS Congress in September 2007 in Naples. It focuses on
Comprising 13 contributions, the book is in four parts. The first one:
"Difficult transition toward a new nation" put in perspective some
fundamental elements to understand the difficulties met today in the
construction of the East Timor State (Nuno Canas Mendes, Christine
Schenck, Henriette Sachse). The second part studies the role of
"Socio-cultural identities and factors" in the 2006 crisis as well as on
the nation-building at national, local and village level (Paulo Castro
Seixas, David Hicks, Alexander Loch, Lúcio Sousa). The third part:
"Politics, legitimacy and electoral processes" analyses the political
life and culture through the results of the two elections of 2007, the
value-ideas for political legitimacy, and the International community’s
institutional approach vs Timorese experience (Rui Graça Feijó, Kelly
Silva, Sara Gonzalez-Devant). Finally, the fourth part: “Tracks for the
construction of future” offers the occasion to reassess the recent
changes in perspective of present and future projects and prospects (Frédéric
Durand, Jacqueline Aquino Siapno, Christine Cabasset-Semedo). It also
includes maps, a chronology and list of acronyms.
Irasec – Occasional Paper n°9, May 2009, 299
pp. $35 paperback
Freedom in Entangled World: West Papua and the Architecture of Global
by Eben Kirksey
Eben Kirksey first went to West Papua
in 1998 as an exchange student. His later study of West Papua's resistance
to the Indonesian occupiers and the forces of globalization morphed as he
discovered that collaboration, rather than resistance, was the primary strategy
of this dynamic social movement. Accompanying indigenous activists to Washington,
London, and the offices of the oil giant BP, Kirksey saw the revolutionaries'
knack for getting inside institutions of power and building coalitions with
unlikely allies, including many Indonesians. He discovered that the West
Papuans' pragmatic activism was based on visions of dramatic transformations
on coming horizons, of a future in which they would give away their natural
resources in grand humanitarian gestures, rather than passively watch their
homeland be drained of timber, gold, copper, and natural gas. During a lengthy,
brutal occupation, West Papuans have harbored a messianic spirit and channeled
it in surprising directions. Kirksey studied West Papua's movement for freedom
as a broad-based popular uprising gained traction from 1998. Blending extensive
ethnographic research with indigenous parables, historical accounts, and
compelling narratives of his own experiences, he argues that seeking freedom
in entangled worlds requires negotiating complex interdependencies.
“Here at last is the account I
can unreservedly recommend to anyone interested in the courageous people
and fragile geography of West Papua. Eben Kirksey makes accessible the unique
imagery of West Papuans long subject to racism, corporate exploitation,
and a brutal military. Marshaling impeccable scholarship, he transcends
conventional political ideology to define a form of conflict resolution
relevant to many ‘entangled worlds.’ Bravo!”-- Max White, Amnesty International
"[A] page-turning blend of cultural
analysis, human rights reportage, and ethnography..." -- Danilyn Rutherford,
author of Laughing at Leviathan: Sovereignty and Audience in West Papua
A new book about the indigenous
people of Indonesia's Papua region says Papuans have seemingly never-ending
reserves of hope for self-determination. Freedom in Entangled Worlds is
the culmination of almost 15 years of research about the West Papuan freedom
struggle by American cultural anthropologist Eben Kirksey. His book documents
the way West Papuans have collaborated with outside forces to further their
cause rather than continue resistance against the Indonesian military forces
in the region. --"New Technology Means West Papuans' Plight Won't Fade
Away, Says Author" Radio New Zealand International, May 16, 2012
“[A]n interesting hybrid of an
anthropological study crossed with an accessible history of the separatist
movement in West Papua, Indonesia. . . . The book provides an engrossing
history of the past two decades of this region, as well as a pointed narrative
that implicates the Indonesian government and the multinational corporations
seeking West Papua's natural resources in grave human rights abuses and
promotion of state terror. . . .” -- S. Maxim, Choice
Duke University Press, 2012, 305 pp.
B103 Sounds of the Soul: The
Traditional Music of Timor-Leste/ Lian Husi Klamar: Musika Tradisional Husi
Timor-Leste with Lafaek Holds a Party by Ros Dunlop
first book about the traditional music of Timor-Leste will appeal to those
interested in the traditional culture of Timor, particularly its music,
and the visual splendor of the country. The book, the culmination of ten
years research, features visually-rich pages in full color, with 20
reproductions of contemporary paintings by selected East Timorese artists.
Twenty traditional songs complete with text and music notation in both Western
and Indonesian systems. A separate 52-page coloring booklet, Lafaek Holds
a Party, introduces Timor's traditional instruments to children aged
5 to 12, with delightful illustrations by Timorese artists, Tony Amaral
and Pelle Pereira.
Author and musician Ros Dunlop made her first trip to Timor-Leste in
April 2002 with Timor activist brothers Robert and Martin Wesley-Smith.
Ros and Martin gave concerts of Martin’s audiovisual pieces about East Timor.
Ros then began visiting Timor-Leste regularly to record its special music.
The skilled musicians who participated were acutely aware of the importance
of recording their music for posterity. The translators and assistants who
helped to organize the recording sessions, the artists from Arte Moris Art
School, and the young Timorese from the audiovisual archive, Centro Archivo
Max Stahl Timor-Leste, helped to make this project happen.
The text is in both Tetun and English.
2012, 160 pp. $75 includes DVD video and CD audio recordings of traditional music and
performances and separate 52-page coloring booklet, Lafaek Holds a Party
The book is wonderful and everyone love it. I am playing the music
the sound in my car. Loving it. The book is so genuine, like the music inside,
‘genuine, innocence and spontaneous’. --Josh Trindade, Advisor, Research,
Analysis and Social-Cultural Issues, Presidential Palace, Dili
B104 Secrecy: The Key to Independence
by Laura S. Abrantes & Beba Sequeira
women tell their stories of how they fought for Timor-Leste's (East Timor)independence.
Through oral history interviews, this book illuminates the lives of 12
women who were part of the clandestine independence movement during the
Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste. First published in Tetun in in 2008,
this is the first time these stories have appeared in english.
Laura Soares Abrantes was active in the Timorese resistance, gathering
information about Indonesian human rights violations and sending it out
of the country, both as a student in Java and with women’s organization
Fokupers in Dili. She has contributed to many books on Timorese women from
1999 to the present, either as a story-teller, story-collector or editor.
Beba Sequeira’s family were involved in the Timorese clandestine movement,
leading to her being interrogated by the Indonesian military. After
the referendum in 1999, Beba helped establish a women’s organization APSC-TL.
Both women tell their own story in Step by Step:
Women of East Timor.
Asia Pacific Support Collective Timor-Leste, 2012, 102 pp. $45
Laura S. Abrantes & Beba Sequeira at 2012 Sydney
"[The women's] work is to realize the dream that should follow independence:
of seeing recognition, justice and equality for themselves and their sisters.
A similar combination of idealism and pragmatism led to the compilation
of this book... Gaining independence has been a giant step, but it is not
enough to achieve equality. This book marks the next step: to disclose secrets
in plain words that motivate a desire for a deeper form of independence
one based on recognition, justice and equality" -- Niko Leka,
Independence of East Timor
Multi-Dimensional Perspectives - Occupation, Resistance, and International
by Clinton Fernandes
history of the struggle for independence by East Timor, after it was invaded
by Indonesia in 1975. The occupation, which lasted 24 years, was immediately
resisted. A continuum of effort - between the armed freedom fighters in
the mountains, the resilience of urban supporters, and international activism
and support - eventually brought about liberation in September 1999. Given
that the Timor rebels did not have a land border with a friendly state,
nor an external supplier of weapons, nor a liberated area in which to recover
between guerrilla operations, their successful resistance is unique in the
history of guerrilla warfare and independence struggles. Equally uncommon
was an unexpected weapon in the struggle: a remarkable display of strategic
nonviolent action. The Independence of East Timor is the first study to
integrate all the major factors in East Timor's independence struggle. The
multi-dimensional perspectives that are addressed include: Indonesian, US,
and Australian diplomacy * Indonesian military operations and activities
against the populace * East Timorese resistance at all social levels * human
rights abuses * the issue of oil * international diplomacy resulting from
global solidarity activism. (Series: Sussex Library of Asian Studies)
Sussex Academic Press, 2011, 274 pp. $35 paperback
The book provides a documented and detailed account of particular
events and periods during the Indonesian occupation, in each case assessing
the ways in which internal opposition and international actions combined
to influence decision-making in Indonesia, the USA, Europe and Australia....
In writing The Independence of East Timor, Clinton Fernandes has opened
up an issue of crucial importance in our understanding of the processes
by which East Timor attained its independence. John Taylor, Asian
Professor Fernandes has produced a remarkable study of the main events
from the lead-up to the occupation, to the bloody events in 1999. James
Dunn, DISSENT (Australia)
B99 A Boy and the Crocodile: The Legend of East
Illustrated by children from the Familia Home Orphanage
The Boy and the Crocodile is the legend of East Timor,
about how the island of Timor got its curious shape. It is also a parable
about kindness, and now a children's book that is benefiting vulnerable
kids. The book was illustrated by children from the Familia Hope Orphanage
in East Timor, including many who lost their parents in the country's violent
struggle for independence. proceeds from sales go to the orphanage.
B99a Labarik Ho Lafaek:
Aik-nanoik id husi Timor-Leste
Desnhu husi labarik orfenato Familia Hope
Affirm Press, 2011 $20 each, paperback
Making Them Indonesians: Child Transfers Out of East Timor
by Helene Van Klinken
Approximately 4,000 dependent East Timorese children were transferred to
Indonesia during the occupation of East Timor by Indonesia between 1975
and 1999. Many were taken by soldiers to be adopted, others were sent to
institutions in Indonesia by government and religious organizations. This
book is the first detailed account of the history of the transfer of these
children to Indonesia.
Helene van Klinken worked in Java,
Indonesia, in university contexts between 1984 and 1991, and 2000 to 2002.
She first visited East Timor in 1989 after the territory was opened to outside
visitors. In 1999 she worked as a political affairs officer for the United
Nations in the lead up to the independence vote, and in 2003 was a volunteer
at the CAVR (the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East
Timor). Together with Achnesia Felina Manganang, she founded the
to assist those transported from East Timor and document their experiences.
"I hope this book will help East
Timorese who were taken to Indonesia as children to realise that they are
not alone in their experience." — Foreword by Her Excellency Ms Kirsty
Monash University Publishing. 2012
212 pp. $35 paperback
"If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die": How Genocide Was Stopped in East Timor
by Geoffrey Robinson
A riveting narrative filled with personal observations, documentary evidence,
and eyewitness accounts, "If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die" engages essential
questions about political violence, international humanitarian intervention,
genocide, and transitional justice. Robinson debunks
claims that those committing the violence in East Timor acted spontaneously,
attributing their actions instead to the calculation of Indonesian leaders,
and to a "culture of terror" within the Indonesian army. He argues that
major powers--notably the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom--were
complicit in the genocide of the late 1970s and the violence of 1999. At
the same time, Robinson stresses that armed intervention supported by those
powers in late 1999 was vital in averting a second genocide. Advocating
accountability, the book chronicles the failure to bring those responsible
for the violence to justice.
"[Geoffrey Robinson] is arguably one of the most informed, compassionate
outsiders to tell the story of the violence in the small island nation.
. . . Even if you don't have much baseline knowledge about the conflicts
between these Southeast Asian islands, this book will illuminate the complicated
history is accessible terms. Robinson offers crucial perspective on modern
colonialism and explores issues of accountability and justice with aplomb."
— Brittany Shoot, Feminist Review
Geoffrey Robinson is professor of history at the University of California,
Los Angeles. His books include The Dark Side of Paradise: Political Violence
in Bali. Before coming to UCLA, he worked for six years at Amnesty International's
headquarters in London. From June to November 1999, he served as a political
affairs officer with the United Nations in Dili, East Timor.
Princeton University Press. 2010 344
Action alerts, media releases, key news and other resources on
Timor-Leste (East Timor), West Papua, and Indonesia selected by ETAN
and focused on
ETAN's program and priorities.
of Silence: A personal testimony before, during and after Balibo
by Shirley Shackleton
Shirley Shackleton was launched into an unexpected life as a human rights
activist when her journalist husband Greg Shackleton was murdered in East
Timor in 1975. Her story is filled with a profound sense of purpose, enduring
love for her late husband, and a fierce determination to seek truth and
justice not only about the events leading up to the murders of the journalists
who came to be known as Balibo Five, but for the cause of democracy and
freedom in East Timor.
"A compelling personal insight into a defining time in our history. Shirley
Shackleton's courage is inspiring. — Robert Connolly, Director, Balibo
Shirley Shackleton’s book is an exceptional
personal narrative in this year’s field of rich Australian journalism, history
and analysis. It is exceptional because of its raw intellectual honesty
forged from murder and massacre in East Timor during a cover-up which prevailed
for 25 years. It is exceptional because it confronts then exposes blind-eyed
Australian diplomacy. It confronts then exposes self-censorship posing as
journalism, because of the Australia/US/Indonesia geopolitical logic which
required it. From ordinary human expectations, the author’s personal story
– with sometimes brutal self-assessment – evolves from self-pity and grief
over the 1975 murders at Balibo and Dili to a campaign to raise public consciousness
about atrocities which decimated the people of East Timor. The consequence
of that raised consciousness? Independence for East Timor in 2002 and a
measure of belated redemption for Australia and the international community.
The Circle of Silence is Shirley Shackleton’s testimony from her
life’s darkest hour at the death of her husband Greg to vindication and
relief at the survival of a people who struggled for their freedom.
Judges’ comments, Walkley Book Award
October 1975, five young television reporters travelled from Australia to
report on the brewing unrest in the region. It was a journey that would
be their last: The Balibo 5, as they came to be known, were killed by the
Indonesian military as they filmed the infantry troops advancing into the
border town of Balibo. In the months that followed, freelance journalist
Roger East, who went to investigate their fate, was also executed. The result
of over 30 years of personal investigations and tireless research, Balibo
provides a unique first-hand account of the deaths of the five journalists
and East.This revised edition of the book originally
published as Cover-Up, on which the film Balibo is based, reveals previously
hidden details of one of this shameful episode.JillJolliffe
argues that the Australian government and its Western allies were always
aware of the circumstances of the killings of the Balibo5
and that their cover-up of those details was a key factor in Indonesia’s
decision to invade and occupy East Timor.
'This book brings all her evidence together. The centrepiece is the
most comprehensive collection so far of interviews of East Timorese with
links to the Balibo incident, which highlights the abundance of evidence
available for the prosecution of those responsible, among them Captain Yunus
Yosfiah (now a retired lieutenant-general), and a Kopassus (special forces)
sergeant, Christoforus da Silva. Interwoven with this extraordinarily detailed
work are strands of a personal memoir.'-Jim
Dunn (Sydney Morning Herald)
No one could hope to match Jolliffe for knowledge … Her book is sensible,
well-told, compassionate, balanced and clean of malice.
-Paul Toohey (The Australian)
This updated version of her earlier book, Cover-Up, reconstructs these
tragic events and interweaves Jolliffe's own investigations as a long-time
reporter in East Timor. It's a grim story, painstakingly told. The truth
maybe out but neither Jakarta nor Canberra show any will to bring the affair
to a "dignified close". -Fiona Capp (The Age)
Jill Jolliffe has been following the Balibo
5 story for more than three
decades. She witnessed the first incursions of Indonesian regular
troops into East Timor in September 1975, reported on the death of her five
colleagues at Balibo in October, and was evacuated from Dili by the International
Red Cross four days before Indonesian paratroopers attacked the capital
on 7 December 1975.In 1978 Jolliffe moved to Portugal, where she continued
to follow the East Timor story and to work as a correspondent for The Guardian,
The Sunday Times, The Age, the Sydney Morning Herald, and the BBC, among
others. She now lives in Darwin and reports regularly from East Timor.
B92 Peace of Wall: Street Art from
East Timor by Chris Parkinson (foreword by Jose Ramos-Horta)
The images and words adorning the walls of East Timor reflect the country's
tumultuous history, precarious present and hopeful future. They endow the
social landscape with a rawness and honesty absent from their media, and
echo the struggle towards new nationhood. Peace of Wall is widely contradictory,
emotionally charged, instantly engaging and consistently dramatic. It's
life in East Timor.
Chris Parkinson spent four years living and working in East Timor. Throughout
this time, he documented the changing political and social climate in East
Timor through its street art. He amassed over 3000 photographs and hundreds
of hours of interviews. Peace of Wall showcases a selection of these inspirational
stories and artwork.
Affirm Press 2010 191 pp. Full-color, Flexibound $35
Step by Step: Women of East Timor, Stories of Resistance and Survival Edited by Jude Conway
Thirteen outspoken East Timorese women to tell their life stories: what
it was like living in a Portuguese colony; how they were affected by the
Indonesian invasion; what day to day life was like under the occupation
or in the diaspora; how they contributed to the resistance; and how they
have adapted to the stark contrast of independence.
These are the stories of Céu Lopes Federer, Dulce Vitor, Maria Dias, Laura
Soares Abrantes, Domingas ‘Micato’ Fernandes Alves, Cesarina Rocha, Carolina
do Rosário, Mica Barreto, Lucia Lobato, Isabel ‘Beba’ Sequeira, Ina Varella
Bradridge, Luisa Ferreira Exposto and Filomena Reis.
Charles Darwin University Press 2010. 241 pp. $44 paperback
Xanana: Leader of the Struggle for Independent Timor-Leste By Sarah Niner
The charismatic Xanana Gusmão shouldered the herculean task of leading his
East Timorese people to independence. During the brutal 24-year war with
Indonesia, he was transformed through crisis from being a young apolitical
outsider into a hardened guerrilla commander and keen political strategist,
who ultimately became the central unifying figure of East Timorese nationalism.
This book focuses on his years in leadership and seeks to explain how the
events of the time affected the development of his ideas, policies and strategies.
Locating Democracy: Representation, Elections and Governance in Timor-Leste edited by Steven Farram
Papers from a symposium organized in Dili in response to the local government
and decentralization reform policies of the Timor-Leste government. Part
of the reform program is the establishment of municipal assemblies, with
the aim of making democracy more representative. The symposium featured
a spirited discussions about the whole reform process and a range of views
were expressed on the best way forward. Erudition, clarity and a keen comprehension
of the issues at hand were features of the presentations at the symposium
and this selection of the papers brings those same qualities to the ongoing
debate on this important subject.
Steven Farram is a research associate at Charles Darwin University. His
research interests are the history and politics of the Northern Territory,
Indonesia and Timor-Leste.
Charles Darwin University Press 2010. 70pp $30 paperback
to The Act of Killing on its Oscar Nomination
Order the documentary here and support ETAN
B95A Short-Lived Enthusiasm:
The Australian Consulate in Portuguese Timor by Steven Farram
a result of experiences during the Second World War, Australian strategists
came to believe that it was essential to make sure that Portuguese Timor
could not be used by any forces hostile to Australia in any future conflict.
Australia's first consul to Portuguese Timor arrived in Dili on 26 January
1946. By late 1949, Australia was considering closing its consulate in Dili
and the second consul, Doug White, was withdrawn on 23 June 1950. This book,
illustrated with many rare photographs, seeks to discover why Australia
established the Dili consulate with such enthusiasm in 1946, but by late
1949 was considering withdrawing its consul and closing the facility altogether.
In the event, the consulate remained open and a description is given of
the situation up until 1971, when its doors were closed for good. Australia,
however, seems to have lost interest in the colony well before then.
Charles Darwin University Press 2010. 93 pp. $30
East Timor: A Nation's Bitter Dawn
by Irena Cristalis
This book tells the story of the traumatic creation of Asia's youngest country,
East Timor, which has been struggling to rebuild itself ever since the mayhem
of Indonesia's reluctant withdrawal in 1999. The author, one of a mere handful
of journalists who refused to be evacuated in the final days of the Indonesian
occupation, provides a vivid first-hand account of the lives of individual
Timorese during the occupation, their struggle for freedom and their endeavors
to rebuild their homeland. Based on years of research, and lengthy interviews
with East Timor 's leaders, priests, nuns, students and guerrilla fighters,
this moving and extremely readable book is at the same time also an exploration
of the complexities of the country's internal politics.
Irena Cristalis is a Dutch journalist and photographer, who been based
in throughout Asia. Her past locations have included Hong Kong, Beijing,
Bangkok, New Delhi and East Timor.
B86 Unfinished Nation:
Indonesia Before and After Suharto by Max Lane
Unfinished Nation traces the evolution of Indonesia from its anti-colonial
stirrings in the early twentieth century to the lengthy, and eventually
victorious, struggle against the dictatorship of President Suharto. Lane
describes how small resistance groups inside the country directed massive
political transformation. It shows how the real heroes were the Indonesian
workers and peasants, whose sustained mass direct action was the determining
force in toppling one of the most enduring dictatorships of modern times.
Taking in the role of political Islam, and with considerations on the future
of this fragmented archipelagic nation, Unfinished Nation is an illuminating
account of modern Indonesian history.
Max Lane is Visiting Fellow, Department of Malay Studies, National University
of Singapore. In addition to numerous academic publications, he has actively
supported political change in Indonesia since the mid-1970s, and has translated
work by the acclaimed Indonesian novelist Pramoedya Ananta Toer, including
the famed Buru Quartet.
A Childhood Fighting for East Timor
by Naldo Rei
Naldo Rei was just six months old when Indonesia invaded East Timor in December
1975. He spent the first three years in the jungle, where his family had
fled for safety. After his father was murdered for his work in the resistance
movement, nine-year-old Naldo was recruited by the clandestine Fretilin
network and began his own extraordinary journey fighting for East Timor's
freedom. Throughout his teenage years, Naldo was imprisoned and tortured
regularly for his covert resistance to the brutal Indonesian regime. Eventually,
in too much danger to remain in his homeland, he escaped to Indonesia and
then Australia for several years. Now living in an independent East Timor,
Naldo Rei can tell his incredible story. His life is proof that no amount
of danger and loss can crush the human spirit.
B80 Shakedown: Australia's Grab for Timor
Oil by Paul Cleary
compelling inside story of how Australia attempted to bully East Timor out
of its rights to the lucrative oil and gas resources of the Timor Sea and
the people, both heroes and villains, who played the game for a nation's
future.JournalistPaul Cleary, a former East Timor
government adviser, gives a gripping insider's account of the six years
of bruising negotiations between Australia and East Timor. He saw how the
Timorese pulled off one of the great David and Goliath feats of the region
but then were unable to lay the foundations for a peaceful future. In this
compelling insight into Australia's international operations, Cleary exposes
the heroes and villains who emerged in a one-hundred-billion-dollar shakedown.
Sunrise LNG in Timor-Leste: Dreams, Realities and Challenges
A Report by La’o Hamutuk, Timor-Leste Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring
and Analysis By Guteriano Neves, Charles Scheiner and Santina Soares
This report discusses the possible positive and negative impacts of a Liquefied
Natural Gas (LNG) plant in Timor-Leste to process gas from the offshore
Greater Sunrise field for export. Petroleum will be the most important factor
in Timor-Leste’s economy and government budget for the foreseeable future.
Petroleum will be the most important factor in Timor-Leste’s economy and
government budget for the foreseeable future. Revenues from oil and gas
already comprise 50% of the country’s Gross National Income (GNI) and supply
more than 90% of its government revenues. It is the hope of many Timorese,
including the Timor-Leste government, that Timor-Leste will profit from
downstream (refining, processing and gas liquefaction). The most likely
near-term possibility for this is an undersea pipeline from the Greater
Sunrise gas field to the shore of Timor-Leste, with a liquefaction plant
and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanker port to process the gas and ship
People are imagining the wonderful things that will happen if the pipeline
comes onshore in Timor-Leste: it will stimulate local economic development,
spin off to boost the local and national economy, and create employment
opportunities for Timorese workers. However those dreams and expectations
will be difficult to realize in Timor-Leste in the current context of the
new nation. The fragility and inexperience of state institutions, lack of
human resources, inability to execute the budget must be overcome before
a project like the Sunrise LNG plant can be used safely and effectively
to benefit current and future generations.
February 2008. 131 pp. Printed copies (English) are available for $20, or CD for $10.
B64 Timor-Leste Land of Discovery by Dan Groshon
This gorgeous coffee table picture book illustrates the great beauty of
new nation's landscape and people. An ideal gift.
I am Timorese, living abroad (in Portugal), since I was 11 years old.
I want to thank you for your book, Timor-Leste Land of Discovery, which
gives me some images of Timor, my homeland, that I left 24 years ago. The
images are absolutely fantastic and many are of parts of Timor still unknown
to me. Timor-Leste Land of Discovery gives me a fantastic free journey to
Timor where I hope one day I can return. The title of the book is a perfect
resume of the images that you can find within. -- Ângelo Gonçalves
This book brings new images of this new land. This book will surely offer
everyone great unforgettable moments of contemplation on the natural beauties
of Timor-Leste. -- President Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão.
These evocative photographs present our culture and our traits in a way
no other book has done before. José Ramos-Horta
TAYO PHOTO GROUP Ltd. 2006. Hardcover, large-format, 189 pp. $50
The Crisis in Timor-Leste: Understanding the Past, Imagining the Future
edited by Dennis Shoesmith
A collection of papers originating in a symposium, The Crisis in
Timor-Leste: Understanding the Past, Imagining the Future, held at
Charles Darwin University, 13 November 2006. The papers in this volume address
the historical, social and political causes of unrest in Timor-Leste, explaining
the violence and rebellion of 2006 in a larger context. By doing this they
identify ways to respond to the causes of unrest. Contributors: James Cotton,
Jennifer Drysdale, Steven Farram, Trevor Le Lievre, Andrew McWilliam, Ron
May, David Mearns, Rod Nixon, Kate Reid-Smith, Dennis Shoesmith.
Charles Darwin University Press. 2007. 115 pp. $25
B82 Democratic Governance in Timor-Leste:
Reconciling the Local and the National edited by David Mearns
In February 2008, three days after the Darwin conference from which thisbook
arose, violent attacks took place on the president and prime minister of
Timor-Leste. Some contributors revised their papers for publication in light
of the horrifying attacks. The result is an important collection of articles
that provides highly pertinent insights into the current dilemmas of the
government and people of the new republic. The book gives voice to East
Timorese commentators as well as to Australian and other international scholars
The book explores the necessity to come to terms with the past in order
to move on to a better future. It also considers the role of the state and
parliament in the new democracy while seeking to set these against the cultural
and social practices of the people at whom development is aimed. Finally,
it examines the role of the agencies that have sought to assist in the country’s
transformation from a colonized to a post-colonial society with a sound
Foreword by Deputy Prime Minister of Timor-Leste, Dr. José Luis Guterres.
Contributing are Fernanda Borges, Fiona Crockford, Annette Field, James
J. Fox, Mark Green, Damian Grenfell, Jill Jolliffe, Damien Kingsbury, Andrew
McWilliam, Andrew Marriott, Akihisa Matsuno, David Mearns, Sara Niner, Yukako
Sakabe, Dennis Shoesmith, Pyone Myat Thu, Josh Trindade, and Bu V.E. Wilson.
Charles Darwin University Press 2008. 270 pp. $35
B61 Masters of Terror:
Indonesia's Military and Violence in East Timor
Edited by Richard Tanter, Desmond Ball, and Gerry van Klinken
Foreword by Noam Chomsky
terror campaign by pro-Indonesian armed groups before, during, and after
East Timor's independence referendum in 1999 was a blatant challenge to
the international community as many of the acts of murder, political intimidation,
destruction, and mass deportation took place before the eyes of the world.
Yet the ultimate responsibility has been denied and obscured. Masters
of Terror provides an authoritative analysis and documentation of the
brutal operations carried out by the Indonesian army and its East Timorese
allies. The authors carefully assemble detailed accounts of the actions
of the major Indonesian officers and East Timorese militia commanders accused
of gross human rights violations. This indispensable work explores a horrific
frontal attack on democracy and calls for the establishment of an international
tribunal for crimes against humanity in East Timor.
Contents: Introduction Hamish McDonald and Richard Tanter; Masters
of Terror: The Indonesian Findings Hamish McDonald; Full Report of
the Investigative Commission into Human Rights Violations in East Timor
KPP HAM; The Key Suspects: An Introduction Gerry van Klinken, David Bourchier
and Douglas Kammen; Crimes against Humanity in East Timor 1999: The
Key Suspects Gerry van Klinken and David Bourchier; Practical Justice
in Doe v. Lumintang: The Successful Use of Civil Remedies against "an Enemy
of All Mankind" Richard Tanter; Silent Witness: Australian Intelligence
and East Timor Desmond Ball
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2006. 272 pp. $27 paperback
B65 Negligent Neighbour
New Zealand's Complicity in the Invasion and Occupation of Timor-Leste
by Maire Leadbeater
For almost a quarter century the people of East Timor lived and died under
Indonesia's colonial yoke. Against all the odds East Timor's resistance
survived. Indonesia relied on western support for both the invasion and
occupation of East Timor, but New Zealand's role is often forgotten or mentioned
only in passing. Maire Leadbeater is spokesperson for the Auckland-based
Indonesia Human Rights Committee, and in the 1990s she was a prominent campaigner
for East Timor's independence. Prior to that she took a leading role in
New Zealand's anti-nuclear movement. Her writing and lobbying is motivated
by the conviction that New Zealand's foreign policy must change direction
away from narrow 'self interest' to principled advocacy for peace and justice.
Negligent Neighbour is a brilliant book that reminds us NZ foreign policy,
like that of other Western capitalist nations, is too often on the side
of the oppressor rather than the oppressed. -Cameron
Maire Leadbeater's "personal recollections and experiences in the East Timor
solidarity movement add considerable strength and authenticity to her chronicle,
which also draws on declassified official documents, historical research
and interviews with key players... >Leadbeater notes how she was shocked
to find that ‘almost every new batch of documents revealed new examples
of the high-level subterfuge officials relied on as they plotted to help
Indonesia deflect international criticism’." -Paul
Rona Ami-nia Lia Hear Our Voices
This small book comprises photos of East Timorese who shared their stories
of pain and suffering with CAVR. Beautifully photographed by the Indonesian
photographer Poriaman Sitanggang, the collection also includes short statements
by these victims about their ideas for the future in Timor-Leste. Text is
in Tetum and English.
CAVR, 32 pp. $8
Complicity in Genocide: Report to the East Timor "Truth Commission" on International
by Geoff C. Gunn
Originally commissioned by East Timor's Commission for Reception,
Truth and Reconciliation (CAVR). This report focuses on the role of international
actors in East Timor's tragedy. Chapters focus on the UN, international
diplomacy, weapons supply, the media, church and international solidarity.
Tipgrafia Macau Hung Heng. 2006. 242 pp. $25 paperback
B56 Songs of East Timor &
by Canberra Union Voices
songbook/CD set with scores for four part choir, words, translations and
background information for eighteen songs of significance and beauty from
There are songs of the East Timorese struggle for self determination since
1973 (including the national anthem), Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander songs, and songs from the Pacific.
The East Timorese community and others gave advice and assistance.
2005. 52 pp., spiral bound with audio CD. $25
B55 A Not-So-Distant Horror:
Mass Violence in East Timor
by Joseph Nevins
August 30, 1999, in a United Nations–sponsored ballot, East Timor voted
for independence from Indonesia and for an end to a brutal military occupation.
Upon the announcement of the result, Indonesian troops and their paramilitary
proxies launched a wave of terror that, over three weeks, resulted in the
murder of more than 1,000 people, the rape of untold numbers of women and
girls, the razing of 70 percent of the country’s buildings and infrastructure,
and the forcible deportation of 250,000 people. In recounting these horrible
acts and the preceding events, Joseph Nevins shows that what took place
was only the final scene in more than two decades of atrocities. More than
200,000 people, about a third of the population, lost their lives due to
Indonesia’s 1975 invasion and subsequent occupation, making the East Timorese
case proportionately one of the worst episodes of genocide since World War
InA Not-So-Distant Horror, Nevins reveals
the international complicity at the center of the East Timor tragedy. In
his view, much if not all of the horror that plagued East Timor in 1999
and in the 24 preceding years could have been avoided had countries like
Australia, Japan, the United Kingdom, and especially the United States,
not provided Indonesia with valuable political, economic, and military assistance,
as well as diplomatic cover. The author explores issues of accountability
for East Timor’s plight and probes the meaning of what took place in terms
of international institutions and law. Examining issues such as violence,
the geography of memory, and social power, Nevins makes clear that the case
of East Timor has much to tell us about the contemporary world order.
“Joseph Nevins’s book is a magnificent memorial to the people of East Timor
and a damning indictment of international powers, like the United States,
that armed, trained, and financed the Indonesian army’s quarter-century
reign of terror. Nevins eloquently moves from the horrifying reality of
the slaughter on the ground to the international political elite who allowed
it to happen, and go unpunished. Ant-So-Distant Horror goes beyond
Timor because the bravery and endurance of the people of East Timor are
a lesson to us all.” —Amy Goodman, Host and Executive
Producer, Democracy Now!
“Joseph Nevins has performed a great service with this book. Among all the
massacres that lead politicians to solemnly promise ‘never again’—the Armenian
genocide, the Holocaust, Rwanda—the ruthless Indonesian rule and mass murder
that took place in East Timor is almost always ignored. Nevins carefully
and vividly places this tragic chain of events on the record, and shows
how much of the responsibility for these deaths rests squarely on the United
States and its allies.”—Adam Hochschild
“The struggle of the people of East Timor for survival, against incredible
odds, is a truly inspiring achievement, one of the most astonishing of recent
history. This remarkable book combines depth of knowledge and compassionate
understanding, with intimate familiarity from the ground to the historical-documentary
record, and the broader geopolitical and cultural-moral context. Joseph
Nevins accurately describes the horrors as ‘not-so-distant.’ That is a painfully
accurate assessment...”—Noam Chomsky
Reluctant Saviour: Australia, Indonesia
and the Independence of East Timor by Clinton Fernandes
The decision ‘to liberate the people of East Timor, to take a stand on behalf
of a small fledgling nation that cried out for help’ was trumpeted by Australia's
John Howard as one of his governments proudest achievements. But what precisely
was Australia’s role in the independence of East Timor? Clinton Fernandes
exposes the role of the so-called Jakarta Lobby – Australian officials whose
policies supported the Indonesian military regime, and commentators who
defend these policies in the public sphere. He argues that under their influence,
the Howard government worked assiduously to support Indonesia’s occupation
of East Timor, trying hard to prevent a ballot on independence. When the
situation became untenable and Indonesia was forced to hold the ballot,
the government worked to reduce international pressure on Indonesia. Finally
he reveals that it was only pressure from activists and the broader public
which forced the Howard government to send in a peacekeeping force and reluctantly
help East Timor to achieve independence.
Scribe (Australia). 2004. 144 pp. Paperback. $25
‘an important new work . . . It debunks the fondly-held myth that the Government
of the time urged and supported an independence referendum. It reminds us
that the media must look behind such myth-making, and not forget the same
Government has failed to push for the prosecution of the Indonesian perpetrators
who are set to continue their handiwork in other areas of the Indonesian
archipelago.’ — Peter Cronau, Pacific Journalism Review
B47 A Woman of Independence
by Kirsty Sword Gusmão
From her first visit to East Timor in 1990, Kirsty Sword fell in love with
the country and its people and became determined to help them in their seemingly
hopeless struggle for independence. Little did she know then where her passion
for the cause would lead her.
Over the next decade, Kirsty worked as an undercover activist in Jakarta,
becoming an increasingly valuable operative within the East Timorese independence
movement. In 1994 her work brought her into contact with the jailed leader
of the resistance movement, the charismatic Xanana Gusmão. Through their
letters, smuggled in and out his prison, they fell in love. This unlikely
but remarkable romance, no less passionate for their being so forcibly separated,
was further tested when Kirsty was compelled to flee Indonesia one step
ahead of its feared intelligence service. It was not until the fall of President
Suharto and Xanana’s subsequent release from prison that Kirsty was finally
reunited with the revered independence leader.
Working beside Xanana, Kirsty found herself at the very centre of the epic
events that saw East Timor freed from Indonesian occupation: the vote for
independence, the militia groups’ murderous rampage that followed, the intervention
of Australian and international peacekeeping forces, and the slow and painful
rebuilding of a devastated country. Today, the former guerrilla commander
and the activist live together as president and first lady, with their two
children, in a country where fear has been replaced by hope. A Woman
of Independence is the story of an incredible love affair, and the passion
and courage it takes to free a nation.
Kirsty Sword Gusmão was born in Bendigo, Victoria. She studied Indonesian
at university, and later taught English in Jakarta as a cover for her work
for the East Timorese resistance movement. She is married to Xanana Gusmão,
now the president of East Timor, and has two young children.
B40 The Road to Freedom:
A Collection of Speeches, Pastoral Letters and Articles from 1997-2001 by Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, SDB
This collection of Nobel Laureate Bishop Belo's speeches and writings reveal
his longing for East Timor to become a free and just society. They deal
with reconciliation and refugees, health and human rights, democracy and
the church. They are inspirational reading for anyone who shares Belo's
belief that a nation might come to enshrine the best human qualities. Color
Caritas Australia and the Centre for Peace and Development Studies East
Timor. 2001. 72 pp. $5 paperback.
B41 Fighting Spirit of East Timor: The Life of
Martinho da Costa Lopes by Rowena Lennox
Martinho da Costa Lopes was the first Timorese leader of the East Timorese
Catholic Church. After the Indonesian invasion of East Timor in 1975, he
worked tirelessly to protect human rights. He was the first person to speak
out publicly within East Timor about the abuses perpetrated by the occupation
forces, which attracted criticism from the Indonesian government. Under
pressure from the Vatican, he resigned from the position of Apostolic Administrator
and left his country in 1983. He then traveled extensively, speaking and
raising awareness about East Timor. He died in Portugal in 1991. His story
is a unique and accessible behind-the-scenes account of East Timor.
Pluto Press/Zed. 2001. $22.50 paperback
The Trial of Henry Kissinger by Christopher Hitchens
"An eloquent and devastating indictment of Henry Kissinger's involvement
in the war in Indochina, genocide in East Timor and many other acts of indiscriminate
murder." – The Village Voice
"His own lonely impunity is rank; it smells to heaven. If it is allowed
to persist then we shall shamefully vindicate the ancient philosopher Anacharsis,
who maintained that laws were like cobwebs; strong enough to detain only
the weak, and too weak to hold the strong. In the name of innumerable victims
known and unknown, it is time for justice to take a hand."
Weighing the evidence with judicial care, and developing his case with scrupulous
parsing of the written record, Hitchens takes the floor as prosecuting counsel.
He investigates, in turn, Kissinger’s involvement in the war in Indochina,
mass murder in Bangladesh, planned assassinations in Santiago, Nicosia and
Washington, D.C., and genocide in East Timor. Drawing on first-hand testimony,
previously unpublished documentation, and broad sweeps through material
released under the Freedom of Information Act, he mounts a devastating indictment
of a man whose ambition and ruthlessness have directly resulted in both
individual murders and widespread, indiscriminate slaughter.
Christopher Hitchens lives in Washington, D.C. and writes columns for
Verso. 2001. 160 pp. Paperback$12
B75 The Testimony Project: Papua
by Charles E. Farhadian, photographs by Stephan Babuljak
A collection of histories in West Papua. Twelve West Papuans speak for themselves,
movingly present their life stories in 'raw narratives' as if the interviewees
were speaking directly to the reader. Introduction by Ed McWilliams. Dr.
Charles Farhadian, who edited the book, explains: "The goal in creating
the book is two-fold. First, it is crucial that Papuans get a chance to
speak for themselves, rather than being reinterpreted or silenced for any
number of reasons and by any number of people. By speaking for themselves,
Papuans demonstrate they are actors in their own right. Second, it is equally
important to provide an historical document that records the lives of Papuans
at the beginning of the 21st century."
“This book is the first of its kind. It dignifies Papuans and lets us speak
on our own terms.”
-- Father Neles Tebay, Bishop of Jayapura, Papua
"The Testimony Project: Papua challenges the standardized or idealized
views of Papuans.”
-- Rev. Dr. Benny Giay, Professor of Church & Society, Papua
Penerbit Deiya. 2007. 125 pp. $20
B81 Reluctant Indonesian: Australia,
Indonesia and the Future of West Papua by Clinton Fernandes
Fernandes traces the history of West Papua from the colonial era to its
incorporation and full-scale transformation under Indonesian rule, and offers
a penetrating analysis of the problems posed by the rise of the West Papuan
independence movement for Australia’s relations with Indonesia. Reluctant
Indonesians issues a timely, provocative, and profound challenge to
the orthodox views of the foreign policy establishment and its various supporters
in the media. It is essential reading for those interested in West Papua,
Australia’s relationship with Indonesia, and Australian foreign policy in
'Fernandes’s book is a good, succinct yet reasonably comprehensive introduction
to the issues and the broad political landscape of West Papua. Importantly
though, it has a message of hope. -'West Papua's struggle for justice',
Vannessa Hearman Green Left Weekly
'Reluctant Indonesians is a hard-hitting and well documented book which
makes it a very valuable addition to the growing volume of books now available
about West Papua.' TAPOL: The Indonesian Human Rights Campaign
Clinton Fernandes is senior lecturer in strategic studies at University
College, the University of New South Wales. He specialises in international
relations and strategy with a focus on the 'national interest' in Australia's
B54 West Papua and Indonesia
since Suharto: Independence, Autonomy or Chaos? by Peter King
In the 1950s, the people of West Papua (then Dutch New Guinea) were promised
self-determination and eventual independence by their colonial masters.
But in 1963 Indonesia took over the territory with the blessing of the United
States, the United Nations, and Australia. This book reviews the long guerrilla
struggle of the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM) for a Free Papua and traces
the rise of a non-violent independence movement alongside it led by the
Papua Council Presdium following the fall of Indonesia's military dictator
General Suharto in 1998.
Traveling extensively in West Papua and throughout Indonesia, Peter King
has interviewed leading figures from the West Papuan Independence movement,
church groups, and human rights NGOs. West Papua and Indonesia since Suharto
places the current Papuan struggles in a context of failing Indonesian reform.
Peter King is a research associate in government and international relations
at the University of Sydney.
University of NSW Press, 2004, 240 pp. $24.95
"King argues passionately and persuasively that international intervention
to resolve Papua’s plight is essential: Australia, the US and other countries
must act in concert through the UN once more, as they did in East Timor.
Indonesians must be persuaded that their best interests lie not in a ‘security
approach’ but in dialogue and negotiation with the Papuans and other disenchanted
Interfaith Endeavours for Peace in West Papua
by Fr. Neles Tebay
Pontifical Mission Society, Aachen, Germany, 2006 76 pp. $5
Packed with facts like this about the plight of the Papuan people, this
short book is an indispensable read for activists and anyone wanting to
know why Papuans are so unhappy about their present plight as Indonesian
B37 Outside Indonesia: East Timor
Special issue of Inside Indonesia.
Articles on women, sustainable development and globalization, human rights,
justice and reconciliation, refugees, Timor's oil, the Oecussi–Ambeno enclave,
Indonesians who supported East Timor, bringing Indonesian generals to U.S.
court, internet resources and more.
Inside Indonesia. July-September 2002. 34 pp., $5 magazine
B88 International Law and the Question of
Karin Arts and Pedro Pinto Leite (eds.)
and occupied by Morocco just weeks before Indonesia invaded East Timor,
the situation in Western Sahara raise highly complex and challenging questions.
A follow-up to a 2006 Conference, this "goes a long way to putting Western
Sahara on the geo-political map for those unfamiliar with the issues, and
for the rest of us, it explains why this 30 year old conflict is so important,
not only to the Sahrawis but to the great powers. It also emphasizes why
Western Sahara is not a sideshow to be patronized by the U.N. as it concentrates
on other hot spots in the world." (former U.S. Ambassador and former deputy
Chairman of the UN Peacekeeping Mission for Western Sahara Frank Ruddy)
The book discusses parallels to East Timor, the status of the territory
under international law, the implications of the right to self-determination,
respect for human rights and protection against human rights violations,
and the lawfulness and/or legitimacy of natural resource exploitation. This
is the first collective work in English on the international legal aspects
of the question of Western Sahara.
The ancient history of Western Sahara and the Spanish colonisation
of the territory, by J. Alguero Cuervo
Resistance and colonialism: building the Saharawi identity, by T.
The position of the Frente Polisario, by S. Omar
Western Sahara and the United Nations norms on self-determination
and aggression, by Roger Clark
The case of Western Sahara from the perspective of jus cogens,
by L. Hannikainen
Spain as administering power of Western Sahara by Eduardo Trillo
The meaning of self-determination: "the stealing of the Sahara"
redux? by C. Drew
East Timor and Western Sahara: a comparative analysis on prospects
for self-determination, by Stephen Zunes
Self-determination requires more than political independence: recent
developments in Timor-Leste, by Charles Scheiner
The case of West Papua's sovereignty: the exclusion of West Papua's
indigenous peoples from the process of determining their destination,
by V. Kaisiepo
The European Community and member states' duty of non-recognition
under the EC-Morocco Association Agreement: state responsibility and
customary international law, by S. Koury
The legality of exploring and exploiting mineral resources in Western
Sahara, by M. Brus
The question of the European Community-Morocco fisheries agreement,
by V. Chapaux
The Portugal-Australia Timor gap case at the International Court
of Justice: aspects of self-determination relevant to the Western Sahara,
by S. Stepanova
Foreign companies plundering Western Saharan resources: who is involved
and what is being done to stop this? by C. Wilson
International participation in the phosphate industry in occupied
Western Sahara: the local content and global participation, by E. Hagen
Geopolitics and realpolitik as impediments to the resolution of
conflict and violations of international law: the case of Western Sahara,
by Y. Zoubir
The Swedish position on Western Sahara and international law, by
The self-determination referendum and the role of Spain, by C. Ruiz
Western Sahara: a solution for the conflict on the basis of full
respect for international law, by J. Saura Estapa
Western Sahara and the UN second decade of decolonisation, by C.
A testimony of human rights violations against Saharawis, by A.
Time for a new EU policy on Western Sahara, by K. Scheele
IPJET (International Platform of Jurists for East Timor. 2008. 352 p.
An eye-opening, firsthand account of Indonesia’s campaign of terror in Aceh.
Acclaimed journalist John Martinkus, whose first book, A
Dirty Little War told the definitive story of East Timor’s passage to
independence, provides a vivid, eyewitness account of the brutal war in
Aceh. Like East Timor, Aceh wants independence but it is paying a terrible
price, and since September 11 things have got much worse. This book gets
inside a conflict. Includes a final chapter on institutionalized impunity,
the legacy of East Timor and the reality of West Papua.
" Martinkus should be saluted for braving brutal consequences to tell us
the price of Western, and Australian, tacit acceptance of a rapacious regional
power. We can't say we weren't told." -- Antony Loewenstein,Sydney
The book "traces the immediate events that led to this military siege and
the Acehnese people’s resistance to it. Martinkus has an easy-to-read style,
relaying his personal experiences of travelling throughout Aceh to present
an intimate portrayal of the daily plight faced by the Acehnese people."
This book offers a guide to the complexities of modern Aceh, a land dubbed
"The Verandah of Mecca" as it moves toward peace and reconstruction. Verandah
of Violence probes the underlying causes of the conflict that has pitted
Aceh against Jakarta, explaining why the Acehnese entered the Indonesian
republic in 1945 with an unparalleled determination to resist outside domination,
and how these attitudes have shaped Aceh's relations with the Indonesian
In Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, the democratization process
that began in Indonesia in 1998 encouraged the overt expression of regionalist
sentiment and resentment of the military. The surprising extent of both
feelings made Aceh, home to a long-standing independence movement, the next
potential candidate after East Timor to break away from Indonesia, and led
to harsh repressive measures by the military. The tsunami of December 2004
brought incalculable destruction and loss to Aceh. At the same time, it
brought international sympathy and aid on an unprecedented scale, along
with new pressures for peace. In August 2005, Indonesia and Aceh signed
a peace agreement designed to put an end to the conflict. Authors include
Isa Sulaiman, Edward Aspinall, William Nessen, Damien Kingsbury and Lesley
McCulloch, Kirsten E. Schulze, Aleksius Jemadu.
The Exception to the Rulers: Exposing Oily Politicians, War Profiteers,
and the Media that Love Them by Amy Goodman with David Goodman
The Exception to the Rulers is a fast-paced expose. Part first-person
on-the-ground reporting, part old-fashioned muckraking, the book chronicles
the struggles of what Amy Goodman calls, "the silenced majority."
"Amy Goodman has taken investigative journalism to new heights."
— Noam Chomsky
“A threat to national security.” — The Indonesian military
Hyperion. 2004. 352 pp. Hardcover. $22 Paperback$12
From Publishers Weekly
Journalist and radio host Goodman brings her hard-hitting, no-holds-barred
brand of reporting to an array of human rights, government accountability
and media responsibility issues, and the result is bracing and timely...
A gadfly's life in these turbulent times is neither restful nor boring,
and Goodman's perspective on events like genocidal massacres in East Timor
and mainstream coverage of the Jessica Lynch rescue is both important and
alarming... How, she asks, could journalists "embedded" with U.S. troops
in Iraq be objective reporters of all that was occurring there, and whose
interests were being served? These and other provocative questions power
Goodman's stirring call for a democratic media serving a democratic society.
About Amy Goodman
Amy Goodman began her career in community radio in 1985 at Pacifica Radio’s
New York Station, WBAI. She produced WBAI’s Evening News for 10 years. In
1990 and 1991, Amy traveled to East Timor to report on the US-backed Indonesian
occupation of East Timor. There, she and colleague Allan Nairn witnessed
Indonesian soldiers gun down 270 East Timorese. Indonesian soldiers beat
Amy and Allan, fracturing Allan’s skull. Their documentary, "Massacre: The
Story of East Timor" won numerous awards, including the Robert F. Kennedy
Prize for International Reporting, the Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia Silver
Baton, the Armstrong Award, the Radio/Television News Directors Award, as
well as awards from the Associated Press, United Press International, and
the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. In 1996, Amy helped launch Pacifica
Radio’s Democracy Now!.
East Timor: A Rough Passage to Independence by James Dunn
From the days of the colonial Portuguese rule, through the tumultuous years
of the Indonesian invasion, to the present day, this book is a disturbing
portrayal of the complete failure of the international community to deal
with the East Timor situation. With expert analysis and clarity of writing,
James Dunn highlights the disturbing gap between the noble rhetoric and
the heartless reality of our international commitment and resolve. More
than the story of one tiny nation, East Timor reveals a great deal about
21st century world order and its weakness in relation to minorities and
"I can hardly think of anyone other than James Dunn in a position to undertake
a 'long duration' analysis of our recent history." Xanana Gusmão, President,
For more than 30 years Dunn has worked in international relations, first
as a defense analyst specializing in Indonesia, then as an Australian diplomat
serving as consul in, then, Portuguese Timor. He has been a foreign affairs
columnist, first with The Bulletin, and more recently as a regular columnist
with the Fairfax newspapers. In 1999 he was awarded the ACFOA human rights
award. In 2002 he was conferred the honor of Grande Official of the Order
of Prince Henry by Dr Jorge Sampaio, the President of Portugal.
A Dirty Little War is the previously untold eyewitness story of Indonesia's
sustained campaign of terror from 1997 to 1999. Written with urgency and
compassion by a world-renowned Australian journalist, it is a story filled
with drama, horror, human interest, political intrigue and even the odd
flash of black humor. For many years, John Martinkus was the only western
journalist based in East Timor. He traveled with guerillas and unearthed
the war Indonesia was waging against this fledgling nation. His work has
been praised by Timorese leaders including Xanana Gusmão and Jose Ramos
Horta. His compelling and passionate reports were published as lead stories
in the global media. His news stories were used as source material by the
Australian Senate, the UN and Amnesty International. This is the insider's
view of that 'dirty little war'; a first-hand and deeply personal account
of a shocking period told in a gripping fashion.
remarkable journey of nonviolent resistance, inspired by the struggle of
the East Timorese, Ciaron tells the tale of a life dedicated to nonviolent
resistance. Ciaron’s ideas are an inspiring challenge to conventional response
to injustice. This is a tale of a journey of Australians and Britons awakened
by the heroism of the East Timorese people, a people who refused to accept
an Indonesian military invasion of their country that was facilitated by
the international community.
Ciaron O’Reilly takes us on a nonviolent journey from the boardrooms of
Brisbane mining companies to the high tech hangers of British Aerospace,
Lancashire. He takes us from coffee with Australian counter terrorist operatives,
through the pulpits of the Catholic Church, to attempted infiltration by
the British Special Branch. British Aerospace take Ciaron and his colleagues
to the High Court while the police arrest them.
do you believe in? Yourself? Your causes? Your friends? How can you effectively
contribute when you are faced with unimaginable tragedy and fear? Liz Howell's
writes about living with ordinary people faced with extraordinary challenges,
far beyond those we in Australia accept as the norm.
This is a moving testament of one person's journey through a country in
turmoil (East Timor) where the ordinary was the exception, and the impossible
was the everyday.
Liz Howells retired from Veteran Affairs in 1997 after 13 years.
Otford. Australia, 2001, 125 pp., paperback. $20
B59 Timor Lives! Speeches
of Freedom and Independence
by Xanana Gusmão
Lives! takes us on the journey of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
to nationhood, as articulated by its charismatic "poet warrior" leader,
President Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão. Included are the President's Independence
Day and Flag Raising ceremony speeches and his inaugural speech to the United
Nations General Assembly. The speeches examine the creation of the Constitution
and Gusmão's personal quest for reconciliation, peace, and justice in his
At the withdrawal of Portugal from its colonies in 1974, East Timor was
invaded by Indonesia . Gusmão became the revolutionary leader of his people;
from the mountains of East Timor to a Jakarta prison cell he continued to
run the resistance against the invading forces. On 14 April 2002, Gusmão
won a landslide victory to become President of the Democratic Republic of
Funu: The Unfinished Saga of East Timor by José Ramos-Horta
A personal story by the1996Nobel Peace Prizewinnerand
current President of Timor-Leste on the shocking genocide of the
Timorese people at the hands of the Indonesian occupants.Autobiography and observations of the U.N. and
the struggle for independence.
"The pathos of East Timor lies in the fact that in an age of instant
communications, in which the victims' grief is seen and heard around the
world, argued over by statesmen and kept alive in the public mind which
allows hope for redress its suffering is muted by indifference, remoteness,
and underdevelopment.... Mr. Ramos-Horta's book
presents a modest, more-in-sorrow-than-anger account of his bitter experience
of the world's indifference to Indonesia's aggression."
--The New York Times Book Review, upon the original publication
208 pp. Red Sea Press, US, 1987. $15
B34Self-Determination in East Timor: The United Nations, the Ballot,
and International Intervention by Ian Martin
Self Determination in East Timor is an account of the 1999 popular
consultation in East Timor, from the negotiations that led to the May 5
Agreements between Indonesia, Portugal, and the United Nations, to the mandating
of international intervention to check the violence which followed the peaceful
ballot. It describes how political change in Indonesia, the UN's active
good offices role, and pressures from Australia and elsewhere led President
Habibie to offer the East Timorese a choice between autonomy within Indonesia
and independence. Written from the standpoint of the Secretary-General's
Special Representative in East Timor, it provides a unique inside account
of how UNAMET, the mission established to implement the ballot, went about
"Martin manages to address [the issues] in both a stimulating and highly
readable fashion so that expert and novice, policy-maker and academic, can
glean a range of facts and insights." — Hugo Dobson, International Peacekeeping
"Martin's insightful account of East Timor's first democratic election offers
an invaluable perspective on the UN's involvement in the territory's tortuous
democracy-building process." — Terence Duffy, New World
Published by Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001, 171 pp. Paperback$25
An International Peace Academy Occasional Paper
The East Timor Problem and the Role of Europe Edited by Pedro Pinto Leite.
Papers by Noam Chomsky, James Dunn, Roger Clark, Mairead Maguire, José Ramos-Horta,
Mario Soares and others presented at a 1996 conference.
304 pp. International Platform of Jurists for East Timor, Netherlands/Portugal.
Hardcover only. 1998.$10
East Timor: Genocide in Paradise By Matthew Jardine
Basics that everyone should know.
Introduction by Noam Chomsky.
95 pp. Odonian/Common Courage Press, U.S., 1999. (2nd Edition)$8
B1 East Timor's
Unfinished Struggle: Inside the Timorese Resistance By Constancio Pinto and Matthew Jardine
Preface by Jose Ramos Horta. Foreword by Allan Nairn.
riveting first-hand account of the East Timorese struggle. Called "a land
of crosses", East Timor is dominated by the gravestones of more than 200,000
people who have died as a result of the U.S.-supported Indonesian invasion
and annexation of the former Portuguese colony. In East Timor’s Unfinished
Struggle, Constâncio Pinto, a leader in the resistance movement and
colleague of the two Nobel Peace Prize winners, andMatthew Jardine, an experienced chronicler of
the situation in East Timor, offer a first-hand account of life inside the
Timorese independence movement.
In this emotional and inspiring memoir, Pinto describes Portuguese colonialism,
East Timor’s brief moment of independence in 1975, the U.S.-backed invasion,
life under more than 20 years of Indonesian occupation, and the formation
of a courageous movement for Timorese self-determination.
In addition to providing a helpful primer on Timorese culture, politics,
and society, an introduction and epilogue by Jardine discuss the international
solidarity movement that has stepped up the fight to win self-determination
for East Timor.
"A must read. This simply amazing story will make you want to get up
and fight for the rights of the people of East Timor....
It will reaffirm your faith in the human spirit."
-- Global Education News
"This is not only a must for supporters of the East Timor solidarity
movement but also for a wider public. Constancio Pinto's story shows why
it is that the East Timorese deserve the solidarity of anybody who cherishes
peace and justice." -- TAPOL Bulletin
B60 The UN in East Timor:
Building Timor Leste, A Fragile State by Juan Federer
unique book provides an insider's account of the East Timor liberation struggle.
It is also an academically rigorous study of the creation by the United
Nations of Timor Leste, the world's newest independent state. Dr Juan Federer,
for many years closely involved in the struggle for the liberation of the
territory, examines the UN state-building work in East Timor. He concludes
that it was insufficient to lay the foundations for a well-functioning state.
Timor Leste is a very fragile state, whose future is uncertain. Once again,
the UN was hamstrung by the limited commitment shown by its member states.
The author argues for a stronger international state-building effort to
strengthen fragile or failing post-colonial states. East Timor/Timor Leste
would have provided a perfect opportunity to do such work properly. He stresses
the need for the international community to seriously address the international
humanitarian and security problem presented by fragile states -- a long-term
legacy of the 20th century colonial experience. The book's publication on
the eve of the creation of the UN Peace Building Commission is well timed.
Chilean-born Federer was a key advisor and colleague of José Ramos-Horta
and the East Timorese resistance. He was a founder of Timor Aid and the
East Timor International Solidarity Centre.
2005. 134 pp., Charles Darwin University Press. $40
B17Indonesia's Forgotten War: The Hidden History of East Timor (Politics
in Contemporary Asia)
by John G. Taylor
pathbreaking work, which manages to show events
through the eyes of those who lived through the brutalities of the Indonesian
invasion and military occupation. Peter Carey
The great strength of this comprehensively researched book is its skillful
combination of easily accessible academic analysis and eyewitness accounts,
from which emerge the voices of the East Timorese themselves. The result
is a work of immense power and immediate impact. Journal of Contemporary
240 pp Zed Books 1991. $20
From the Place of the Dead: The Epic Struggles of Bishop Belo of East Timor by Arnold S. Kohen
Biography of the 1996 Nobel Prize winner.
Leader for peace in a tortured country, Bishop Belo of East Timor became
the first Catholic bishop to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996. Foremost
among leaders of his homeland, he has worked to end the suffering of his
people. This sympathetic biography portrays the bishop and his country in
the years before and during the Indonesian occupation, which has brought
death and despair to so many. It reveals American support for Indonesia
during this period and examines the Vatican's complicated role.
331 pp, hardcover. St. Martin’s Press, U.S., 1999.$28
B35Rogue States The Rule of Force in World Affairs by Noam Chomsky
Rogue States, Noam Chomsky holds the world’s superpowers to their
own standards of the rule of law—and finds them appallingly lacking. Described
in a 1998 profile in the New York Times as "an exploder of received truths,"
Noam Chomsky is the world’s most informed, controversial, and articulate
opponent of political hypocrisy and abuse of power.
Rogue States is the latest result of his tireless efforts to measure
the world’s superpowers by their own professed standards and to hold them
responsible for the indefensible actions they commit in the name of democracy
and human rights, including East Timor. The United States and its allies
come in for particular scrutiny for their numerous recent violations of
the very international laws they claim to uphold, making them the real "rogue
states" in the world today.
Characteristically incisive, provocative, and rousing, Chomsky leaves no
bombshell unexploded in his evaluation of the West’s shameless reliance
on the rule of force today.
South End Press, 2000,264 pp. 2000. Paperback
Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media
Companion to the documentary film. Funny, provocative and surprisingly accessible,
Manufacturing Consent explores the political life and ideas of Noam
Chomsky, world-renowned linguist, intellectual and political activist. Features
an annotated copy of the script with excerpts from relevant material with
comments from Chomsky interspersed throughout. Large format book includes
a substantial section on East Timor along with expanded and updated notes
and resource list. Edited by filmmaker.
64 duotone photographs and original essays by nine authors, including Noam
Chomsky, Charles Scheiner, Constancio Pinto, James Dunn, Ines Martins and
188pp. Between the Lines, Toronto, 2004 $35
"What is striking about her portraits is the eyes of her subjects....we
don't just stare at Brière's people: They also stare back at us. Because
she captured the human essence of East Timor, Brière's photographs turned
out to be enormously effective as political art. After seeing her pictures,
it was hard to dismiss East Timor as a faraway place of little consequence."
-- Jeet Heer,National Post,
June 17, 2004
Generations of Resistance: East Timor
Photographs by Steve Cox, with introduction by Peter Carey
photos of East Timor, including 8 in color of the Santa Cruz massacre.
Images of contemporary life in East Timor, illustrate the reality of
existence under Indonesian occupation and the horror of events such as the
1991 Santa Cruz massacre. Having lived among and gained the trust of the
Timorese, Cox's photographs unmasked the deceptions of Indonesian government
propaganda and provided substance to foreign journalists whose reports were
heavily circumscribed by official restrictions. These insights into the
daily struggle with suffering and death in East Timor are accompanied by
an authoritative historical introduction of events since 1975 by Peter Carey.
Cassell, UK, 1995. Large format, 120 pp. $39.50
personal photographic account of East Timor and its people. Visiting East
Timor three times since 1995, Australian photographer Ross Bird juxtaposes
color photographs of life in this country with black and white portraits
of those Timorese who have fled their homeland since Indonesia invaded in
Herman Press, Australia. July 1999. 168 pp, 130 photos. $40 paper
East Timor and the United Nations: The Case for
Intervention By Geoffrey C. Gunn
In addition to the author’s own analysis of the situation, this book features
a selection of relevant UN documents and other primary sources relating
to East Timor, including the key General Assembly and Security Council resolutions
of 1975-1982, the damning reports of the UN Special Rapporteurs; the hyper
proceduralist utterances of the foreign ministers meetings; and the World
Court "no-case" judgment on the Australian deal with Indonesia over East
Timor’s oil reserves.
B110 East Timor: A Western Made Tragedy By Mark Aarons and Robert Domm, forward by Jose Ramo-Horta
This examination of Indonesia's
occupation of East Timor since 1975 pays particular
attention to the role played by Australia and the U.S...
Aarons travelled widely in East Timor as journalists for the
ABC in 1975; Robert Domm visited in 1989 and 1990. He was
the first outsider to interview guerilla leader Xanana
Gusmao. The appendices look at the legality of the Timor Gap
Treaty and excerpt a report by Amnesty International on
The Left Book Club, 1992, 96 pp.
B111 Papua Land of Peace: Addressing
Conflict Building Peace in West Papua Edited by Budi Hernawan
This book documents efforts to build Papua
as a Land of Peace after decades of conflict and social tension
within the region. Articles describe how difficult achieving
peace can be, while documenting why it must be done. The book
has a special focus on the efforts of religious leaders and
Office for Justice and Peace, Catholic
Diocese of Jayapura, 2005, 107 pp. Paperback.
B112 East Timor - Nationbuilding in
the 21st Century
Edited by Gabriel Jonsson
A report on the “East
Timor- Nationbuilding in the 21st Century” seminar arranged
by the East Timor Committee in cooperation with the Center for Pacific
Asia Studies at Stockholm University. The seminar sought to illuminate
the creation of East Timor as the first new nation of the 21st
Center for Pacific Asia Studies – Stockholm
University, East Timor Committee, 2002, 86 pp. Paperback
Photographs and stories by a collection of various
With little access to news and information in the
immediate aftermath of the 1999 destruction, most Timorese had never
seen the photographs or read others’ stories about the landmark events
of 1999-2000. The UN published bi-lingual (English, Tetun) this
impressionistic history containing photographs and anecdotes.
United Nations Transitional
Administration in East Timor, Sept 2000, 112 pp. $20 full-color
B114 Brown Journal of World Affairs:
Keeping Sukarno’s Promise? Megawati’s Indonesia
This issue contains a collection of essays,
speeches and articles by a range of academics analyzing the social,
political and economic state of the then-newly-democratic Indonesia.
Articles address the challenges Indonesia faced as it comes out
Suharto’s shadow. The journal also features an interview with Paul
Wolfowitz, former U.S. ambassador to Indonesia and former Deputy
Secretary of Defense and a section on the international trade in small
The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 2002, 362 pp.
Mapping the Pursuit of Gender Equality: Non-Government and International
Agency Activity in Timor-Leste
By Anna Trembath and Damian Grenfello:p>
Gender is an important and frequently cited area of
discourse and activity in contemporary Timor-Leste. Many organizations
work to challenge the disparities that women experience in terms of
access to rights, wellbeing, services and power. Gender is also
regularly connected with major themes of nation-building and
development. Activists and advocates have drawn attention to the history
of women’s activism and organizing in Timor-Leste under the conditions
of colonialism and war, and have endeavoured to articulate a unique role
for women in shaping the national history of Timor-Leste. In doing so,
there is an attempt to recognize women’s contributions to guerrilla and
clandestine fronts, at least in part so as to create opportunities for
women to influence contemporary nationbuilding processes. Hence, the
history of East Timor is re-framed to advance the status of women within
the new nation. The report provides gender profiles of key civil society
groups, NGOs and inter-governmental organizations in Timor-Leste;
includes and extensive bibliography on the subject.
The Globalism Institute- RMIT University, 2007, 101
pp. Paperback. $15
Reformasi and Resistance: Human Rights Defenders and Counterterrorism in
Edited by Neil Hicks and Michael McClintock
President Suharto's fall from power in 1998 ushered
in a period of political reform (reformasi). But democratization has
been met with resistance, and after September 11, 2001, rising military
influence in Indonesia was reinforced by an international environment
that emphasizes security concerns at the expense of rights and freedoms.
These convergent forces contributed to renewed conflict in the province
of Aceh, antiterrorism legislation that reversed hard-won safeguards,
and continued attacks on human rights defenders.
Power and Impunity: HumanRights Under the New
In-depth report by Amnesty International on Indonesia and East Timor.
126 pp. UK, 1994. $8
Arms Trade to a Military Regime European Network Against Arms Trade
of Indonesia's military plus detailed chapters on their weapons suppliers,
including Australia, the US, Canada,the EU,and
10 European countries.
124 pp. European Network Against Arms Trade, Amsterdam,
B7The East Timor Question: The Struggle for Independence from Indonesia
Edited by Paul Hainsworth and Stephen McCloskey
Chronicles the global support and solidarity
movement (including ETAN) that accompanied East Timor to nationhood, as
well as the policy changes it achieved in key countries. Includes
a preface by Jose Ramos-Horta, introduction by Australian/British filmmaker
John Pilger,withchapters by Charles Scheiner (ETAN),
Carmel Budiardjo (TAPOL), and others from East Timor, the U.K., Ireland,
Australia and elsewhere.
Introduction: East Timor From European to Third World Colonialism
Reporting East Timor: Western Media Coverage of the Conflict Hugh
Balibo: The Cover-up that Led to Genocide Maureen Tolfree
The Legacy of the Suharto Dictatorship Carmel Budiardjo
The Indonesian Propaganda War against East Timor Estevao Cabral
Seeds of Hope East Timor Ploughshares Disarming the Hawks Andrea
Needham, Jen Parker and Jo Wilson
The United States: From Complicity to Ambiguity Charles Scheiner
Revised papers presented at a CIIR/International
Platform of Jurists for East Timor Conference "Indonesia's occupation of
East Timor:Legal Questions" held in London in December 1992. Preface by
James Dunn, Contributions from George Aditjondro, Roger C. Clark, John G.
Taylor, Gerry Simpson, Paula Escarameia and more.
Genocide and Resistance in Southeast Asia
Documentation, Denial and Justice in Cambodia and East Timor by Ben Kiernan
Two modern cases of genocide and extermination began in Southeast Asia
in the same year. Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge regime ruled Cambodia from 1975
to 1979, and Indonesian forces occupied East Timor from 1975 to 1999. This
book examines the horrific consequences of Cambodian communist revolution
and Indonesian anti-communist counterinsurgency. It also chronicles the
two cases of indigenous resistance to genocide and extermination, the international
cover-ups that obstructed documentation of these crimes, and efforts to
hold the perpetrators legally accountable.
The perpetrator regimes inflicted casualties in similar proportions.
Each caused the deaths of about one-fifth of the population of the nation.
Cambodia's mortality was approximately 1.7 million, and approximately 170,000
perished in East Timor. In both cases, most of the deaths occurred in the
five-year period from 1975 to1980. In addition, Cambodia and East Timor
not only shared the experience of genocide but also of civil war, international
intervention, and UN conflict resolution. U.S. policymakers supported the
invading Indonesians in Timor, as well as the indigenous Khmer Rouge in
Cambodia. Both regimes exterminated ethnic minorities, including local Chinese,
as well as political dissidents. Yet the ideological fuel that ignited each
conflagration was quite different. Jakarta pursued anti-communism; the Khmer
Rouge were communists. In East Timor the major Indonesian goal was conquest.
In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge's goal was revolution. Maoist ideology influenced
Pol Pot's regime, but it also influenced the East Timorese resistance to
the Indonesia's occupiers.
Genocide and Resistance in Southeast Asia is significant both for its historical
documentation and for its contribution to the study of the politics and
mechanisms of genocide. It is a fundamental contribution that will be read
by historians, human rights activists, and genocide studies specialists.
363 pp. Transaction, 2007 $30
B51 - The New Killing Fields: Massacre and the Politics of Intervention
editied by Kira Brunner (Author), Nicolaus Mills
This award-winning group of reporters and scholars, including, among
others, David Rieff, Peter Maass, Philip Gourevitch, William Shawcross, George
Packer, Bill Berkeley and Samantha Power revisit four of the worst instances of
state-sponsored killing--Cambodia, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and East Timor--in the
last half of the twentieth century in order to reconsider the success and
failure of U.S. and U.N. military and humanitarian intervention.Featuring
original essays and reporting, With chapters on East Timor by Geoffrey Robinson,
Richard Lloyd Parry and Erin Towbridge.
Basic Books, 2002, 276 pp.
- East Timor at the Crossroads: The Forging of a Nation Edited by Peter Carey and G. Carter
All aspects of
East Timor, with contributions from Roger S. Clark, Shirley Shackleton,
Ben Anderson, Pat Walsh and more, with unsurpassed bibliography.
Hawaii, US, 1995. 259 pp. $20
B39 Bitter Dawn: East Timor
A People's Story by Irena Cristalis
nations have endured a birth as traumatic and painful as the world's youngest
country, East Timor. Born amid the flames, pillage and mayhem that surrounded
Indonesia's reluctant withdrawal in 1999, it will for years be coping with
the effects of destruction. Irena Cristalis, one of a handful of foreign
journalists who stayed on during that nightmare to report it to the world,
has kept faith with the Timorese friends whose story she decided to tell.
Her book is a vivid first-hand account of the lives of individual Timorese
during the long decades of Indonesia's repressive occupation, their often
heroic struggle for freedom, and their efforts to cope with the dramatic
historic shifts engulfing them. Based on years of research and lengthy interviews
with East Timor's past, present and future leaders, it explores the complexities
of East Timor's internal politics. The book also tells the story of the
ordinary students, farmers, nuns, priests, journalists and others,
who found themselves playing extraordinary roles in terrible times.