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Subject: ETHRC UA 11/98: East Timor killings
Date: Wed, 01 Jul 1998 17:46:10 -1000
From: ethrc <ethrc@minihub.org>

EAST TIMOR HUMAN RIGHTS CENTRE 124 Napier St Fitzroy 3065 Australia PO BOX 1413 Collingwood 3066 Australia Tel: +61 3 9415 8225 Fax: +61 3 9415 8218 E-mail: ethrc@minihub.org Director: Ms Maria Brett Chair: Bishop Hilton Deakin


URGENT ACTION 1 July 1998

NAMES: Manuel Marques Soares, 21 Orlando Marcelino da Costa, 35 Antonio Soares, 15 Luis Joaquim, 52

AND: up to 5 other unidentified East Timorese people injured

VIOLATIONS: Extra-judicial Executions / "Shootings" / Ill-treatment

LOCATION: Manatuto and Baucau districts, East Timor

Ref: UA 11/98

The East Timor Human Rights Centre (ETHRC) is concerned about rising tension in East Timor, after another two East Timorese civilians were killed by Indonesian security forces personnel. The killings took place during the recent visit to East Timor by a delegation of Ambassadors from the European Union.

On 27 June 1998, it is believed 21-year-old Manuel Marques Soares was shot dead as he sat in front of his house in the village of Aitais, Manatuto, by members of the Indonesian military who opened fire into a nearby crowd in order to quell a clash between pro-integration and pro-independence protesters. ETHRC sources have confirmed that two others were injured in the incident: Antonio Soares, 15, and Luis Joaquim, 52, both of whom sustained gunshot wounds. The two men were taken to Toko Baru hospital in Dili, the capital of East Timor, and are believed to be in a serious condition in intensive care. One ETHRC source reported that Antonio Soares is still in a coma.

On 29 June, Olandino Marcelino da Costa, 35, was shot and killed by Indonesian security force personnel in Baucau, during a visit to the town by the European Union delegation. Pro-independence protesters had gathered outsidet he cathedral in Dili to welcome the European visitors. According to one witness, the crowd cheered when they saw two vans carrying the European delegation but when a car appeared carrying several security officers armed with automatic weapons, the crowd began to beat and kick on the car. It is believed security officers inside the car fired shots into the crowd of people surrounding the car, killing Olandino Marcelino da Costa. One witness said: "The people got angry because the security agents came here with guns". At least five other civilians were injured in the incident.

The ETHRC does not condone any acts of violence on the part of protesters, however, concerns are held that security force personnel used unwarranted force in dealing with the incidents in Manatuto and Baucau, resulting in the deaths of Manuel Marques Soares and Olandino Marcelino da Costa, and causing serious injuries to other East Timorese people.

To date, no investigations have been undertaken into the killings and the ETHRC therefore makes the following recommendations:

1. The Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) should immediately conduct a full and impartial investigation into the extra-judicial executions of Manuel Marques Soares and Orlando Marcelino da Costa. 2. The soldiers responsible for the extra-judicial executions should be charged under the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP) and should face criminal trials for their actions. If they are found guilty, the court should hand down sentences which reflect the seriousness of the crimes.

Background Information

The ETHRC is concerned about the continuing high level of extra-judicial executions in East Timor. The ETHRC has now reported seven extra-judicial executions by Indonesian security force personnel in East Timor this year. In 1997, the ETHRC received reports of 52 East Timorese civilians who were believed killed by Indonesian security force personnel. Details of the 1997 executions are contained in the East Timor Human Rights Centre's Annual Report of Human Rights Violations dated 17 February 1998.

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

Please send faxes/telegrams/express or airmail letters in English, Bahasa Indonesia or your own language:

* calling for the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) to conduct a full and impartial investigation into the extra-judicial executions of Manuel Marques Soares and Orlando Marcelino da Costa; and * calling on the Indonesian government to ensure that the soldiers responsible for the killings are charged under the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP) and face criminal trials for their actions. If found guilty, the court should hand down sentences which reflect the seriousness of the crimes.

SEND APPEALS TO:

1. PRESIDENT YUSUF HABIBIE President of the Republic of Indonesia Istana Negara Gedung Binagraha Jl. Veteran Jakarta Pusat INDONESIA Faxes: +62 21 345 7782 Telegrams: President Habibie, Jakarta, Indonesia Email: habibie@ristek.go.id

2. MINISTER OF JUSTICE Minister Prof. Dr. Muladi, SH Menteri Kehakiman Jl H.R. Rasuna Said Blok X VI Kav. 4-5 Kuningan Jakarta Selatan INDONESIA Faxes: +62 21 525 3095 Telegrams: Justice Minister Muladi, Jakarta, Indonesia

ALSO SEND COPIES TO:

3. SECRETARY GENERAL, NATIONAL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Prof. Dr. Baharuddin Lopa Sekretaris Jenderal, Komisi Nasional Hak Azasi Manusia (Komnas HAM) Jl Latuharhary No 4 B, Menteng Jakarta Pusat INDONESIA Phone/Fax: +62 21 392 5227 Email: info@komnas.go.id

4. MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS Ali Alatas S.H Menteri Luar Negeri Jl. Medan Taman Pejambon No. 6 Jakarta INDONESIA Faxes: +62 21 360 541 / 360 517 / 380 5511 / 345 7782 / 724 5354

PLEASE ALSO SEND APPEALS TO:

* Diplomatic representatives of Indonesia in your country * Parliamentarians and the Foreign Ministry in your country

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY Check with the East Timor Human Rights Centre if sending appeals after 15 August 1998

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