Subject: NGO statement to donors to support Ukun Rasis A'an
Joint Statement to the Development Partners Meeting June 2003 from NGOs in support of Ukun Rasik A'an*
From nine East Timorese NGOs listed below. Dili, 4 June 2003
As East Timorese NGOs involved in the development of our nation, we would like to share some brief thoughts with Timor-Leste's Development Partners. We are working together to rebuild this nation, to bring it out of the poverty that has been inflicted upon us by centuries of colonialism and a brutal military occupation that ended in widespread destruction. Shortly after the post-referendum destruction in 1999, donors led by the World Bank estimated that it would take at least five years to rebuild this country, and we urge donors to see this process completed. Two Development Partners colonized this nation, and many others share responsibility for actively or passively supporting the illegal Indonesian occupation. Although the atrocities committed against the East Timorese people can never be erased nor forgotten, those complicit in these crimes should fulfill their responsibility to make amends. This is not a form of charity, but a modest beginning to reparations. We hope the Development Partners will consider the following important points as you participate in the reconstruction of this nation.
Respect for Independence
Budget process: We appreciate the recent improvements in the World Bank-managed Transition Support Program. We encourage the Development Partners and the World Bank not to use the TSP or other levers to coerce Timor-Leste's government in violation of this country's hard-won independence. The government should be the body to decide how to use its budget, and Development Partners should be doing what the government desires. Technical Advisors funded by outside agencies should work for the needs of Timor-Leste as defined by the government, not for the interests of the funders.
Timor Sea: Timor-Leste's independence process is not complete until Australia and Timor-Leste agree on boundaries in the Timor Sea. We ask you to encourage Australia to rejoin the community of law-abiding nations by accepting Timor-Leste's offer to negotiate maritime boundaries and, if negotiations fail, by participating in the internationally accepted legal processes for resolving boundary disputes. Since 1999, Australia has taken billions of dollars in revenues from Laminaria/Corallina and other fields claimed by both countries, but which lie closer to Timor-Leste than Australia. These revenues should be held in trust until a maritime boundary is agreed to. Timor-Leste's long-term economic security requires that Timor-Leste receives its full resource entitlement and is able to manage those resources in the best interests of its people. Development Partners should support the strengthening of East Timorese capacity in negotiating our boundaries, as well as the exploration and management of our oil and gas resources.
The majority of Timor-Leste's population are victims of crimes against humanity that occurred in this country from 1975-1999. We hope the Development Partners will listen to our demand that the architects and perpetrators of these crimes be held accountable. We ask Timor-Leste's Development Partners and the rest of the international community to demand that Indonesia cooperate with justice in a meaningful way. Since this has not worked so far (the Jakarta ad hoc process is almost over, and the Indonesian government has shown neither the will nor the ability to hold its military officials accountable), we encourage continued support for the Special Panels and Serious Crimes Unit after UNMISET ends next year. We also believe it is past time for the United Nations to begin establishing an international tribunal to try crimes against humanity committed in Timor-Leste.
We encourage Development Partners to support democracy in Timor-Leste by respecting our Constitution, international laws and agreements, and universal human rights. Unconstitutional laws, such as the pending Immigration and Asylum Act, will hurt Timor-Leste's economic development as well as violate the rights of its own citizens and visitors.
Privatization: Development Partners should not be putting pressure on the government to privatize basic social services, but should provide the space, time and support to enable Timor-Leste's people and government to fully evaluate such proposals. Development Partners should provide sufficient funding so that impoverished people are not denied essential services like education and health care because of their inability to pay. Experience in other countries has shown that private enterprise or "user-pays" models often promoted by international financial institutions often increase poverty, and allowing private companies to monopolize specific services are not in the interests of the community.
Foreign Aid: We recognize that donor countries have their own economic priorities, and most of the bilateral assistance designated for Timor-Leste returns to the donor nation. We hope that Development Partners will maximize the portion of their aid that remains in Timor-Leste's economy by minimizing the use of foreign consultants, purchases and contractors.
Food Security: The agriculture sector should ensure the food security of Timor-Leste, allowing the government to control imports and provide support for local farmers. Emphasis on export-oriented agriculture and dogmatic use of "free-market" policies prevents Timor-Leste's producers from competing even within our own country.
Investment framework: We support a stable investment climate that promotes transparency and corporate responsibility, stimulating the local economy and preserving Timor-Leste's economic, environmental and political rights. The East Timorese people, through our elected government, have the right to control the economic direction of our nation.
Thank you for your attention,
Perkumpulan HAK (Association for Human Rights, Justice and Law) +670 (390) 313-323 Sa'he Institute for Liberation Fokupers (East Timorese Women's Communication Forum) Judicial System Monitoring Programme HASATIL (East Timor Sustainable Agriculture Coalition) Haburas Foundation Dai Popular (East Timorese Popular Educators Network) Kdalak Sulimutu Institute La'o Hamutuk, (The East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis) +670 (390) 325-013, email@example.com
* 'Ukun Rasik A'an' is a Tetum term encompassing sovereignty, self-determination, self-sufficiency and independence.
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