|Subject: Ramos Horta calls on WB, US to impose
Date: Fri, 3 Sep 1999 02:23:32 EDT
Sydney Morning Herald Friday, September 3, 1999
Horta calls on World Bank to freeze aid
By MALCOLM BROWN
The East Timor resistance leader, Mr Jose Ramos Horta, will leave for the United States today to lobby the World Bank and the US Congress to impose "comprehensive sanctions" against Indonesia for what he sees as its support for the East Timor militia.
Mr Horta, who was "cautiously optimistic" when he voted in Sydney for independence on Monday, had predicted that the pro-integration forces would go on the rampage. Even so he was "profoundly saddened" by it.
"I expected it would be as bad as it is now - I know the Indonesian Army too well," he said. "They understand the language not of reason and moderation but of force. Australia should not allow itself to be insulted and bullied all the time by Indonesia.
It was becoming increasingly urgent that the world community take more drastic steps to put pressure on Indonesia, Mr Horta said. All international aid to Indonesia should be frozen, including World Bank funding.
He fully supported the idea of a United Nations peacekeeping force in East Timor, to be brought in as a matter of urgency to save lives.
"It is obvious that the Indonesian Army is part of the problem, not part of the solution. Bringing in more Indonesian police is hypocritical and will fuel even more violence because the police are directly involved with the militia."
Many of the police in Timor were not police, but members of the Kopassus special force troops disguised, he said.
The Australian representative for the National Council of Resistance for East Timor, Mr Joao Carrascalao, said he had no doubt the vote would be overwhelmingly in favour of independence but the militias would not accept it.
"I think the international community is aware that the Indonesians, especially the militant faction of the armed forces, think that East Timor is a conquered country. They will try to destroy the country as much as they can and only the deployment of an international peacekeeping force will deter them."
Associated Press September 2, 1999
Ramos Horta To Ask World Bank To Freeze Aid To Indonesia
SYDNEY (AP)--Nobel peace laureate Jose Ramos Horta was flying to the U.S. Friday to urge the World Bank to freeze aid to Indonesian authorities he claimed were supporting pro-Jakarta militias in East Timor.
In an interview with the Sydney Morning Herald, Horta said he was "profoundly saddened" by the escalating violence in the troubled province that has seen at least seven people killed, including four local U.N. staff, since Monday's autonomy vote.
"I expected it would be as bad as it is now. I know the Indonesian Army too well," he said before leaving for the U.S. "They understand the language not of reason and moderation, but of force."
Horta said all international aid should be frozen until Jakarta authorities reigned in violence by pro-Indonesia militia forces.
He also said U.N. peacekeepers should be deployed to save lives in the troubled province as Indonesian security forces fail to act.
"It is obvious that the Indonesian Army is part of the problem, not part of the solution," Horta said. "Bringing in more Indonesian police is hypocritical and will fuel even more violence because the police are directly involved with the militia."